Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis <p align="justify">Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government is an international journal for the study of the politics, administration and management of local affairs published four times a year (in January, April, July, and October) by Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor (Slovenia). Articles appearing in Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government are abstracted and indexed in Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, Current Geographical Publications, CSA PAIS International, Academic's OneFile (Gale), ERIH Plus, International Political Science Abstracts, ProQuest, Scopus, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature (IBZ), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS). Journal Metrics 2016: Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0,52 (Q2) (Law 212/488, Public Administration 68/112), 2015 SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0,25 (Q2) (Law 226/505), ISI Impact Factor: 0,714 (Q3) (Political Science 107/165, Public Administration 37/47).</p> en-US <p>It is a condition that the authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors retain many rights under the Institutes' right policies, which can be found at <a href="http://pub.lex-localis.info"> journal.lex-localis.press</a>. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.</p> journal@lex-localis.info (Editorial Office) journal@lex-localis.info (Boštjan Brezovnik, Managing Editor) Mon, 30 Jul 2018 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Colorful or colorless? Local parties defending ethnic minority interests http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/907 <p>We investigate to what extent local political parties have attention for ethnic minority interests. We are interested in whether party-related or context-related variables lead to higher levels of attention to ethnic minority interests. Our analysis is based on a broad scale survey among local party chairs in Belgium. The results show that mainly party-related variables explain variance in attention for ethnic minority interests: leftist parties and active parties are more likely to defend these interests. The presence of ethnic minority people in a party does not have a significant effect once we control for factors at the municipality level.</p> Bram Wauters, Floor Eelbode, Karen Celis ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/907 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 18:53:20 Central Europe Daylight Time Perception of Intermunicipal Cooperation as a Managerial Approach: Centralized Decisions or Voluntary Principle – What is More Efficient? http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/937 <p>This paper examines the influence of managerial approach in terms of Intermunicipal cooperation on the efficiency and effectiveness of the local municipalities. The Intermunicipal cooperation shall not be understood as general panacea for municipalities. While in some countries, there had been identified the benefits of Intermunicipal cooperation, there are countries which decided to perform the cooperation through softer legislative measures. These managerial approaches to govern the cooperation are either left on the decisions of legislator or the voluntary principle is adopted. The results of the research streamline that the managerial approach influences the performance of competences in terms of efficiency.</p> Lucia Grešová, Jan Fuka ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/937 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 18:57:03 Central Europe Daylight Time The Recent Reform of Spanish Local Governmental Accounting: A Critical Perspective from Local Governmental Accountants As Internal Users Of Budgeting And Financial Accounting Information. http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/984 <p>Local Government Accounting and Financial Reporting in Spain has been recently reformed by the new Accounting Instructions published in 2103 and in force since the 1st of January 2015. Once the financial reports corresponding to 2016 fiscal year have been published, the main purpose of this paper is to empirically evaluate, the perceptions and opinions that local governmental accountants have about the recent reform. Our analysis has found a clear gap between the aims of the reform and the opinion of local governmental accountants, who consider the system too complex and clearly biased towards financial accounting information.</p> Jose Manuel Vela-Bargues, Rosa María Dasí-González, Amparo Gimeno-Ruíz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/984 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:02:09 Central Europe Daylight Time Social Backgrounds of Local Council Members in Korea: Focusing on Social Diversity http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1001 <p>Local council members have become an important research issue in many countries. However, the research on the social backgrounds of local council members has not enough progressed. This study analyzed the social backgrounds of local council members in Korea elected from 1991 to 2014. For the analysis, this study used gender, age, education, occupation, and political party affiliation and also used the index of qualitative variation to understand the social backgrounds of Korean local councilors. The results showed that social backgrounds of Korean local council members are centered on male, 50s, highly educated, people with political experience, and affiliated to two major parties. The gender diversity of local council members is lowest in comparison with other social background factors. To increase the gender diversity of local council members, the election system should be reformed, and social perception towards female politicians should be improved.</p> Kyung Deuk Kwon, Hye-Jung Kang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1001 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:10:20 Central Europe Daylight Time Assessing Central-Local Government Relations in Contemporary South Korea: An Application of Page & Goldsmith’s Comparative Framework http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1004 <p>This paper has two main purposes: first, it measures the level and degree of decentralisation in contemporary Korea, and, second, it explains why decentralisation is slow or stagnant. To measure the level of decentralisation in Korea, this paper uses Page &amp; Goldsmith’s triple measures of function, discretion, and access, which were developed to examine the extent of centralisation and decentralisation in any given polity. The results suggest that Korea is both legally and politically centralised. In Korea, a centralised party system has combined with other factors to drive centralisation, overcoming the decentralising forces that focus mainly on local elected and appointed officials. Centralising forces include the bureaucratic elitism of national officials, cultural disdain for local governments, and local people’s feeble affective attachment to local identities and communities.</p> Jaewon Yoo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1004 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:14:25 Central Europe Daylight Time Determinants of Creative Capital Development at a Local Level: Case Study Municipalities of Podkarpackie, Poland http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1006 <p>Although it is highly controversial, the concept proposed by R. Florida has an interesting and important feature, visible from a time perspective. Indeed, the theory of creative class started research into economic development based on creativity. Generally, there are no empirical studies focusing on these issues at the local level. The present study is an attempt to identify determinants of local development and to assess municipalities from the viewpoint of creative capital engagement. To achieve this the study analysed opinions acquired from representatives of municipal offices and representatives of local populations across Podkarpackie, one of the 16 regions of Poland. The findings show that municipalities of the Podkarpackie Region vary in terms of determinants for creative capital development.</p> Katarzyna Szara ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1006 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:16:55 Central Europe Daylight Time The Institution of Local Ombudsman in the Republic of Serbia - Success Story or Missed Opportunity? http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1009 <p>The authors analyze the position and competencies of local ombudsmen in the Republic of Serbia, which exist in 22 cities and municipalities. They argue that the basic problem for the slow expansion of this institution can be found in its non-mandatory character and unwillingness of local political elites to be subjected to independent oversight in their work. This problem can be overcome by adopting a separate Law on Local Ombudsmen, which would systemically regulate their mandatory status, the procedure they conduct, as well as ensure further guarantees of their independence, in particular those of financial nature.</p> Marko Davinic, PH.D., Associate Professor, Ivana Krstic, Ph.D., Associate Professor ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1009 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time Local Government Public Debt Rules in the Visegrad Group Countries as Tools for the Optimization of Socio-Economic Development http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1023 <p>The use of fiscal rules as an instrument of fiscal sustainability is manifested, most of all, by imposing the requirements as regards borrowing and the costs of public debt service, and most research is conducted in this context. In this article, the Authors ask a different question altogether: does the right selection of calibration factors for fiscal rules with respect to debt, as applied at Visegrad Group’s local government entities, have an impact on the fiscal discipline, on the one hand, and on the other, is it a factor contributing to sustainable socio-economic development of regions? A mixed method, one combining the results of qualitative and quantitative research, will be used to empirically verify the hypotheses related to the research problem presented.</p> Marta Postula, Jarosław Klepacki, Justyna Sobolewska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1023 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:23:02 Central Europe Daylight Time CEO Background and Company Performance – Evidence from the Cohesion Regions of Eastern and Western Slovenia http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1027 <p>The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not a CEO’s background (i.e. age, field and level of education and length of tenure in top management positions) affects a company’s performance (in terms of net return on assets) and, if so, what, if any, are the differences between the two cohesion regions in Slovenia, i.e. Eastern and Western Slovenia. The sample included 109 managers that manage companies in all statistical regions and various areas of activity. The study failed to confirm a connection between a CEO’s background and company performance with regard to the Eastern and Western cohesion regions. However, we have been able to confirm that companies’ performance indicators in the Eastern cohesion region are significantly lower than those of companies in the Western cohesion region. The reason for this may be traced to the companies’ areas of activity and their differences between the regions, where one can claim that specific areas of activity constitute an industry in the individual region.</p> Renata Gabršek, Marko Ferjan, Iztok Podbregar, Olja Arsenijević, Polona Šprajc ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1027 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:25:23 Central Europe Daylight Time Self-imposed Contribution in Slovenian and Serbian Legislation: Concept and Legal Nature http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/990 <p>Sometimes, in order to provide themselves better living conditions, the residents of a certain municipality may be willing to pay an additional fiscal levy besides ordinary taxes. In this paper, the authors deal with a self-imposed contribution as a possible resource of local budgets, comparing the regulation and concept of such a contribution in Slovenia and Serbia. By analysing the characteristics of such a levy in these two former Yugoslav states, the authors based their main hypothesis on proving that self-imposed contribution is, according to its legal nature, also a type of a tax, even if it is introduced under a referendum and the funds are earmarked for specific local purposes.</p> Jernej Podlipnik, Gordana Ilić-Popov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/990 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 19:06:37 Central Europe Daylight Time Can We Put Numbers on Municipal Performance and Sustainability? A New Strategic Paradigm http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/979 <p>This paper considers “measuring what matters” in local government and applies a Council Sustainability Index (CSI) to all 308 Portuguese municipalities. Using a Multi-criteria Decision Analysis Methodology (MCDA), an additive evaluation model is applied which aggregates 25 indicators across four dimensions to assess Portuguese local government sustainability. A critical evaluation of performance is provided along with a financial sustainability analysis and governance evaluation, which identifies the chief factors which explain different councils’ performance. We show that this approach sheds new light on Portuguese local government evaluation. CSI breaks new ground and it is applicable <em>mutatis mutandis</em> to most local government systems worldwide.</p> Paulo Caldas, Brian Dollery, Rui Cunha Marques ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/979 Mon, 30 Jul 2018 18:58:35 Central Europe Daylight Time