Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis <p align="justify">Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government is an international journal for the study of the politics, administration and management of local affairs published four times a year (in January, April, July, and October) by Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor (Slovenia). Articles appearing in Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government are abstracted and indexed in Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, Current Geographical Publications, CSA PAIS International, Academic's OneFile (Gale), ERIH Plus, International Political Science Abstracts, ProQuest, Scopus, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature (IBZ), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS). Journal Metrics 2016: Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0,52 (Q2) (Law 212/488, Public Administration 68/112), 2015 SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0,25 (Q2) (Law 226/505), ISI Impact Factor: 0,714 (Q3) (Political Science 107/165, Public Administration 37/47).</p> Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor (Slovenia) en-US Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government 1581-5374 <p>It is a condition that the authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors retain many rights under the Institutes' right policies, which can be found at <a href="http://pub.lex-localis.info"> journal.lex-localis.press</a>. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.</p> Stress Tests as a Tool to Assess the Risk of Public Expenditure on Debt Servicing Increasing at Local Government Entities http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1087 <p>National and local government's public debt is of special interest to economic sciences. With interest rates in the EU countries now at historically low levels, there is risk of a trend change causing development expenditure to be crowded out from budgets in favour of debt servicing costs. The analysis (stress test) of the sensitivity of debt servicing costs in the local government sector in Poland to an unexpected growth of market interest rates above the values forecasted by the MoF confirms that local governments are exposed to interest rate growth risk, and consequently to the risk of their budgets incurring unplanned expenditure.</p> Marta Postuła Miroslaw Czekaj Jaroslaw Klepacki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 205 224 10.4335/17.2.205-224(2019) Local Solution Centres: A Model of Social Innovation by Local Governments http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1096 <p>This qualitative study proposes a model of social innovation practices adopted by local governments in social strategy development in Turkey. Data for case study research of the Bağcılar, Esenler and Beşiktaş municipalities were collected from literature, observations and semi-structured interviews with municipal officials. A thematic analysis of the interviews was used to inform analysis on social strategy and innovation practices, and based on the analysis, the study proposes a functional model for a local solution centre aimed at facilitating social innovation and strategic public relations elements that can be applied by local governments in Turkey.</p> Haluk Alkan Simge Ünlü ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 225 245 10.4335/17.2.225-245(2019) The Actors Involved in Innovation Processes and Collaboration – A Case Study of Eight Finnish Municipalities http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1099 <p>This study observes the roles of the different actors involved in the processes of innovation. The theoretical framework on which this study is based deals mainly with the idea of collaborative innovation. This is a case study of eight Finnish municipalities (Hattula, Hollola, Hämeenlinna, Kuusamo, Pudasjärvi, Raahe, Rovaniemi and Salo) and their innovation processes. The research question is: how did collaboration occur between the diverse actors during the observed development processes? The main data of this article emanates from the workshops held in these eight municipalities. Four groups of actors emerge in the empirical analysis: key actors, actors within the municipal organization, actors within the municipality and actors outside the municipality. The roles of promoters, coordinators and leaders of innovation processes and municipal management were highlighted. These key actors have the opportunities to promote and organize collaboration in the innovation processes.&nbsp; Collaborative practices in innovation processes are seen, as an important aim and the importance of including different stakeholders is quite widely understood. However, it seems that a systematic approach towards collaboration in these processes is lacking and in some cases the instruments for collaboration might be lacking.</p> Kaisa Kurkela Petri Virtanen Sanna Tuurnas Jari Stenvall ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 247 266 10.4335/17.2.247-266(2019) Governance Relations in Small Nations: Competition vs. Cooperation and the Triple Role of Big Cities http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1110 <p>This article examines and compares governance relations of big cities in relatively small nation states in Reykjavík, Iceland, and Tel Aviv, Israel. The international literature has extensively explored governance at the municipal and national levels. We aim to enlarge this discussion by examining the unique role, experience and dynamics of large, dominant cities vis- -vis other governance entities in the era of local governance. Using a grounded theory approach we suggest the frameworks of 'building strong nations', new localism, and 'cooperation versus collaboration' to enlighten nation-big city, state-big city and big city-city governance relations, respectively. We employed a qualitative design, using textual analysis and in-depth interviews with both state and local actors in the two countries. The results show that in both countries examined, dominant cities are required to fill a unique triple role: as leading cities in their metropolitan areas, in their respective states, and in their respective nations. Yet the two cases also differ in important ways. While Reykjavík is the head of a well-functioning community of co-producers, Tel Aviv is closer to a local jungle, where competition and competing interests prevent effective cooperation. Implications of the findings are discussed in the era of local governance.</p> Itai Beeri Magnús Árni Skjöld Magnússon ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 267 284 10.4335/17.2.267-284(2019) Size and Democracy Revisited A Critical Discussion of the Claimed Trade-off between Problem-Solving Capacity and Citizen Participation http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1124 <p>Classic literature on size and democracy argues that there is a trade-off between opportunities for broad citizen participation and communities’ ability to deal effectively with the challenges faced by their locality. Consequently, smaller political units enrich democracy, while larger units strengthen the capacity to govern. We argue that although the trade-off may be relevant within a framework concentrating on representative democratic institutions, the trade-off is questionable in the light of more recent contributions on democratic, network-based governance. The article develops this argument, and suggests elements that should be included in a revised theory of municipal size.</p> Asbjørn Røiseland Signy I Vabo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 285 298 10.4335/17.2.285-298(2019) Good Governance and Public Trust: Assessing the Mediating Effect of E-Government in Pakistan http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1126 <p>Administrative practices have always been acknowledged as a crucial tool for establishing good governance. Strong evidence shows that good governance extensively influences citizens’ behaviors toward government. This study empirically examines how good governance promote public trust with possibly mediating role of e-government. A field survey was conducted by distributing questionnaires to 1000 Pakistani individuals. The response rate was 76.3%. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were used to analyze the data. The results confirmed the casual relationship between good governance and public trust. The results also reveal that e<strong>-</strong>government plays a mediating role in the relationship between good governance and public trust. The findings may be practically useful for both research and policy making, since it investigated the citizens' perspective of good governance, public trust and e-government.</p> Arif Jameel Muhammad Asif Abid Hussain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 299 320 10.4335/17.2.299-320(2019) Financial Autonomy of Local Government Units: Evidence from Polish Rural Municipalities http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1135 <p>The main purpose of this paper is to assess the level of and differences in financial autonomy across Polish rural municipalities. The level of rural municipalities’ financial autonomy in 2008–2017 was benchmarked against that of other types of municipalities. Also, a multidimensional assessment of financial autonomy levels was performed for the municipalities considered, and the underlying socioeconomic conditions prevailing in 2017 were identified. As shown by this study, financial autonomy varies strongly across Polish rural municipalities. Nearly 60% of them are at <em>medium low</em> or <em>low</em> levels. As a consequence, their financial standing and capacity to fulfill their own tasks depend on allocations from the national budget. This poses a considerable problem for their ability to remain financially stable.</p> Lukasz Satola Aldona Standar, PhD Agnieszka Kozera, PhD ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 321 342 10.4335/17.2.321-342(2019) Policy Shaped under Pressure: Internationalization, Decentralization, and Policy Adoption of Local Governments http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1136 <p>What leads local governments to adopt a particular policy? This article examines the diffusion of internationalization ordinances enacted by Korean local governments from 1989 to 2016. Since decentralization in 1995, Korean local governments have become autonomous actors that can introduce policies of their own. Employing event history analysis, this study reveals that, in adopting internationalization ordinances, Korean local governments face multiple pressures, including central government intervention, the behavior of other local governments, and their own capacity and policy requirements. Policymaking that is directed by the central government, however, is characterized by weaker effects and a shorter lifespan. Local autonomy is key to successful local governance in a decentralized regime.</p> Nara Park Young Ho Eom ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 343 368 10.4335/17.2.343-368(2019) Participative and Deliberative Democracy on the Local Level: How the Political Characteristics of Municipalities in the Czech Republic Relate to the Use of Selected Democratic Innovation within their Territory? http://pub.lex-localis.info/index.php/LexLocalis/article/view/1142 <p>Little current studies of democratic innovations have considered whether there is any connection between the political characteristics of a municipality and the higher degree of use of participative and deliberative tools within their territory. This article aims at contributing to the discussion by testing selected political indicators in the municipalities in relation to the utilisation rate of innovative tools. By using the case study of local territory within the Czech Republic during the election period of 2014–2018, the article uses unique data from the municipalities with extended powers to track common features of participative municipalities, e-municipalities, and transparent municipalities, and reveals the substantial positive effects of intergenerational renewal in the representative bodies and strong financial capital. Paper contributes to the discourse on democratic innovations by focusing on unexplored area, thanks to which participative and deliberative tools could become a normal part of the decision-making process on a local level.</p> Hana Hurtikova Michal Soukop ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 17 2 369 393 10.4335/17.2.369-393(2019)