Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government 2019-12-13T09:50:03Central Europe Standard Time Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government is an international journal for the study of the politics, administration, and management of local affairs published four times a year (in January, April, July, and October) by Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor (Slovenia). Articles appearing in Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government are abstracted and indexed in Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science), Essential Science Indicators (Web od Science), CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, Current Geographical Publications, CSA PAIS International, Academic's OneFile (Gale), ERIH Plus, International Political Science Abstracts, ProQuest, Scopus, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature (IBZ), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS).</p> A Public Procurement Blueprint for Socio-economic Development 2019-12-13T08:00:26Central Europe Standard Time Intaher Marcus Ambe <p>The ambition to create a developmental state in South Africa and to transform the apartheid economy has been hamstrung by ineffectiveness, poor coherence, inadequate capability and corrupt procurement practices. Procurement in the South African public sector is a strategic tool is used to facilitate long-term socio-economic development, inclusive growth and industrialisation throughout southern Africa. In 2004, supply chain management (SCM) was introduced as a procurement tool to the South African public sector in order to accelerate socio-economic development. Despite the implementation of SCM to address tremendous social and economic challenges in South Africa, poverty, unemployment and inequality still reign. This article is based on an exploratory review and suggests a procurement blueprint for accelerating inclusive growth in South Africa. The core drivers of the blueprint are efficient capacity and professionalisation plans; ethics and good governance; strategic procurement; and information and communication technology.</p> 2019-10-30T10:24:28Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Amendments to the Serbian Law on Local Self-Government 2018 – Goals and Achievements 2019-12-13T08:44:59Central Europe Standard Time Marko Stankovic Vladimir Vuletić <p>The paper analyzes the constitutional and legal foundations of local self-government in Serbia. The long-awaited reform of local self-government had two aspects: the correction of technical errors and alignment with the amendments to other laws, as well as the adoption of amendments related to the essence of local self-government. The second aspect mainly covered four issues: the competencies of local self-government, local self-government bodies, the position of the local community and the cooperation between units of local self-government. This reform, however, did not meet expectations, as it did not adequately solve any of the five key problems of local self-government in Serbia.</p> 2019-10-30T10:25:31Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Review on the Performance Measurement Systems Life Cycle 2019-12-13T08:47:00Central Europe Standard Time Lucas dos Santos Matos Sandra Rolim Ensslin Leonard Ensslin <p>The objective of the present study is to analyze the alignment between the theoretical and the empirical literatures regarding conceptual elements of each life-cycle phase of Performance Measurement Systems (PMS), identifying their functions, characteristics and processes. To achieve this objective, two bibliographic portfolios (BPs) were derived using the instrument ProKnow-C. The BPs were composed of 30 theoretical articles and 36 empirical articles, respectively; together, they formed a representative database of fragments of the literature addressing the performance measurement theme. Aspects and elements of each life-cycle stage of PMS were first identified and validated by the member checking method and then analyzed by consensus within the different BPs. The results emphasize, mainly, the necessity of developing knowledge concerning organizational communication and organizational learning, as promoted by the PMS.</p> 2019-10-30T10:28:53Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Does Gender Matter? Determinants of Women’s Representation on Corporate Boards of Firms Owned by the Czech Statutory Cities 2019-12-13T08:53:46Central Europe Standard Time Pavel Maškarinec <p>Using data on 26 large Czech municipalities, this paper looks at the extent to which political opportunity structure determines women’s descriptive representation on corporate boards of firms which are owned by Czech statutory cities, or more precisely on boards of directors and on supervisory boards. We show that women are significantly advantaged in municipalities where political environment (culture) is characterised with more “openness” to women (i.e. those with more women in city councils/city boards or especially those with female mayors). On the other hand, the effect of most other variables was contradictory or very small. One of the exceptions was municipality size, which decreased women’s descriptive representation on supervisory boards but at the same time increased their representation on boards of directors.</p> 2019-10-30T10:31:13Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Decentralization on Economic Growth in Korea: The Role of the Implementation of Local Autonomy 2019-12-13T08:58:04Central Europe Standard Time Kwang Bin Bae Sangheon Kim <p>This study examined the effect of decentralization on economic growth and, unlike previous studies, it also empirically analyzed how the implementation of local autonomy affects economic growth. Our analysis of government data from 16 metropolitan areas, covering the 1989-2012 period, indicated that decentralization has consistent positive effects on both the real and nominal gross regional domestic product (GRDP) growth rate. These results imply that regional decentralization improves the efficiency of resource allocation in the public sector and thus contributes to economic growth.</p> 2019-10-30T10:33:01Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Importance of Implementation of Internal Audit in Enterprises Founded by the Republic of Serbia Local Self-government Units 2019-12-13T09:06:07Central Europe Standard Time Milan Radović Jelena Vitomir Slobodan popović <p>In the process of EU accession, the Republic of Serbia signed chapter 32 with the EU at the end of 2015. By doing so, the Republic of Serbia officially adopts internationally accepted standards of public internal financial control and best practices of EU countries and their application to the whole public sector. In addition to this, the system of established internal financial controls contributes to the improvement of financial discipline, as well as transparency of use, especially public funds of taxpayers. The authors of the paper conducted a representative survey involving 142 enterprises making approximately 20% of the total number of enterprises founded by local self-government units. The results obtained by the authors indicate a correlation between the type of enterprise, form of internal audit in place and 2018 operating revenues. In addition to that the authors also determined the existence of correlation between the internal audit in place and 2018 revenues on the one and the type of enterprises founded by local self-government units on the other hand.</p> 2019-10-30T10:35:49Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mend or End: Theoretical and Regulatory Framework of Russia’s Local Government Evolution 2019-12-13T09:08:16Central Europe Standard Time Aleksandr А. Larichev Levan T. Chikhladze <p>The perception of local government in Russian municipal theory has been for quite a while limited to interpreting its essence as either a form of local autonomy and democracy or a mechanism for the provision of local services. The latter view has been recently supported by a trend of professionalization of municipal administration mechanism. Another trend, reflected in the local government theory, as well as in law and its judicial interpretation, signals the departure from the values of local government’s institutional and functional autonomy. These two trends, combined, form the new theoretical-legal paradigm of local government evolution in Russia. &nbsp;</p> <p>The article examines relevant amendments in law and doctrine and concludes that although they are driven by the objective socioeconomic, political and legal factors, the merger of local and state governments within a single system of public authority should envisage not subordination, but rather closer ties and coordinated interaction between the state and municipal levels through efficient and competent professional managers. This should also ensure the positioning of local government as a pronounced element of federative relations.</p> <p>The authors of the article maintain, however, that further development of forms of direct democracy and public participation at submunicipal level is needed to ensure harmonization of all of the elements of local government, and to affirm the self-government nature of the institution.</p> 2019-10-30T10:38:28Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determinants of local government deficit and debt: Evidence from Polish municipalities 2019-12-13T09:10:30Central Europe Standard Time Joanna Działo Beata Guziejewska Anna Majdzińska Agata Żółtaszek <p>Public finance theory stresses that some political and socioeconomic factors exist that influence local government deficits and debts. Accordingly, our study analyses the factors that determine the indebtedness in Polish local governments. We analyse the population of Polish municipalities (2,479) for the years 2002-2016. The method of investigation is a two-equation microeconometric panel model with fixed effects, allowing us to estimate the strength and directions of the exogenous variables’ influence on the communes’ budget outcome (deficit/surplus). Our findings reveal the influence of variables such as the communes’ investment expenditures and own incomes, a dependent population (a high share of the older population), and the number of companies. We also find that the election cycle in local governments is a significant factor affecting their budget outcomes.</p> 2019-10-30T10:40:47Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Parliament-citizen Communication in Terms of Local Self-government and Their use of Social Media in the European Union 2019-12-13T09:13:50Central Europe Standard Time Tina Tomazic Katja Udir Mišič <p>The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of the Parliament and citizen participation in the context of social media in contemporary society, and what role they play in Parliament-citizen communication in terms of local self-government. The paper also reports the state-of-the-art about the existence and use of social media on the websites of Parliaments of the Member States of the European Union. 57% of Parliaments of the Member States of the European Union who responded to the present survey which was conducted in 2016, use Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, video streaming, calendar and notification via RSS (Rich Site Summary). The results are particularly important for further research within local self-government of each of the Member States of the European Union, for providing&nbsp; better conditions for improving Parliament-citizen communication.</p> 2019-10-30T10:42:40Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sustainable Urban Development, Land-use Planning and Public-private Partnership 2019-12-13T09:48:09Central Europe Standard Time Senko Pličanič <p>In this paper, the importance of land-use planning and public-private partnership is analyzed as some of the main legal tools for the implementation of urban sustainable development. Given the importance of law in modern societies, already at the time sustainable development model was created in Rio, it was clear that for its implementation the law should be reformed. During the last three decades since its creation, most countries have incorporated sustainable development model into their respective constitutions and on that basis a significant and comprehensive body of sustainable development law has been developed. Since Rio, a substantial progress has been made in terms of sustainable development legal regulation and in designing a different economic and social models in the majority of countries – in a relatively short period of time. However, we must admit that in reality nothing has changed. If we are to achieve the main objective of a sustainable model – i.e. protect the environment and at the same time produce material goods, it is clear that it is not enough just to limit human (i.e. economic) interference with the environment. At the same time our “obsession” and insatiability with the material goods should be transformed into more moderate attitude towards material dimension of our life. To achieve this goal, the economy itself should find its own interest in such a transformation.</p> 2019-10-30T10:45:01Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Legal Nature of Local Electoral Dispute: The Case of Slovenia 2019-12-13T09:50:03Central Europe Standard Time Bruna Žuber <p>Local elections are elections of local self-government authorities established on the basis of exercise of the universal right to vote. The right to vote as a fundamental political right must be provided with relevant legal protection. Applicable to both national and local elections, voters' confidence in fairness of the electoral process and authenticity of election results are the foundation of the legitimacy of elections. A common requirement for electoral dispute system in countries, enforcing the rule of law, is that is supports credibility of the election process. This article looks into the legal nature of local electoral disputes in the Republic of Slovenia and investigates whether local electoral disputes are in their legal nature constitutional, administrative or <em>sui generis</em> court disputes. The characteristics of local electoral disputes are analysed on the basis of the following methods of scientific knowledge: logical (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction), historical, systemic, and formally dogmatic. The author establishes the hypothesis of not one, but multiple forms of local electoral dispute, all of which differ significantly, their legal nature being essentially different as well. The article also, in this regard, considers constitutionality of Slovenian legal arrangement of individual forms of local electoral dispute.</p> 2019-10-30T10:49:12Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement##