Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government 2020-02-07T11:05:12Central Europe Standard Time Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government is an international journal for the study of the politics, administration, and management of local affairs published four times a year (in January, April, July, and October) by Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor (Slovenia). Articles appearing in Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government are abstracted and indexed in Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science), Essential Science Indicators (Web od Science), CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, Current Geographical Publications, CSA PAIS International, Academic's OneFile (Gale), ERIH Plus, International Political Science Abstracts, ProQuest, Scopus, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature (IBZ), International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS).</p> A Dynamic Model for Analysing Partisan Political Corruption in Local Government: the Spanish Experience 2020-02-07T10:08:28Central Europe Standard Time Emilio De la Higuera-Molina Ana María Plata-Díaz José L. Zafra-Gómez Cristina Campos-Alba <p>Partisan political corruption behaviour has not been properly examined in the academic literature. Accordingly, the main aim of this paper is to determine the nature of the relationship between corruption and political ideology, doing so via a novel dynamic partisan approach which will enable us to measure the influence of the passage of time on the likelihood of the existence of political corruption and to determine whether this likelihood is stronger or weaker in progressive vs. conservative governments. This approach will also allow us to determine the influence of the different explanatory factors, among which are the creation of networks with related private companies by means of reiterative contracts, public-private agreements and other public-private networks, addressed in such a way that private companies with specific interests, political factors (political fragmentation and gender) and the long-term neighbourhood effect are all considered. Survival analysis is applied to 747 cases of political corruption that occurred during the period 2002- 2014 in Spanish local government. Our findings show that a significantly larger number of cases have been identified of corruption by conservative than by progressive parties. Moreover, the cases identified of corruption by conservative parties remain undetected and unprosecuted for longer.</p> 2020-01-26T20:49:12Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Municipalities on LAG's Effectiveness in Attracting Project Subsidies in Croatia 2020-02-07T10:10:04Central Europe Standard Time Željko Mrnjavac Ivana Perić <p>Local Action Groups LAGs are tri-sectoral bodies in which the economic and civil sectors in partnership with the public sector use EU policy funds for rural development. In such a decentralized approach to community led local development there is a risk of excessive municipal interference and principles of bottom-up development can be compromised. The basic assumption by which the leading public sector is trying to justify itself as having a better administrative capacity that can help LAGs to attract and absorb subsidies is statistically tested in this paper. Example of Croatia has shown that “municipalisation” of local partnerships have no justifications, as increasing the share of public partners in the membership structure reduces LAG effectiveness in attracting project subsidies, and in the same time municipalities that prove stronger absorptive capacity through larger share of EU funds in their budget, show no positive influence transferred to LAGs in which they are members.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Results of European Union Cohesion Policy in Terms of Quality of Life Improvement on a Regional Level (as Exemplified by Eastern Poland) 2020-02-07T10:13:18Central Europe Standard Time Teresa Miś Dariusz Zając <p>The aim of the article is to evaluate the significance of the European Union funds supporting the cohesion policy, which the Eastern Polish local governments benefit from in order to improve their residents’ quality of life. Empirical data used in the research concerns five provinces located in Eastern Poland and the research data comes from the sources of the Polish Main Statistical Office in Warsaw. The temporal scope of the study encompasses the period 2004-2018. The choice of the spatial scope of the research is justified by the peripheral location of Eastern Poland, as well as the fact that this region benefits from the EU Programme financially supporting local government units. The article elaborates on the use of the EU funds aiming to enhance the cohesion policy performed by local governments of Eastern Poland and the residents’ opinion on the improvement of their quality of life. The research proves that the provinces of Eastern Poland are particularly qualified to gain financial funding from the European Union due to their lower level of Gross Domestic Product per capita compared to the country as a whole. According to the residents of Eastern Poland, their quality of life has improved and can be treated as comparable to the country’s average, even though slightly worse. The research confirms the elaboration’s hypothesis that the use of the EU funds by the local governments in Eastern Poland results in the increased country cohesion measured by the improvement of residents’ quality of life. This, in turn, constitutes a vital outcome of the European Union cohesion policy.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessing the Effects of Financial Sources on the Fiscal Soundness of Local Government: With a Focus on Special Grants and Non-Tax Revenue 2020-02-07T10:18:23Central Europe Standard Time Jungsook Kim Nara Park <p>The fiscal soundness of local governments has been of great interest to both scholars and practitioners. This study explored how special grants and non-tax revenue affected the financial stability of Korean local governments in the five-year period between 2009 and 2013. Panel regression found that special grants reduced fiscal soundness, which was measured as the debt ratio and financial independence of the local governments in this study. In addition, as the non-tax revenue in absolute terms increased, financial independence initially decreased before rising again at a certain point in time. We also classified local governments into three groups (low, medium, high) in terms of their debt ratios and financial independence. Special grants and non-tax revenue had a significant yet differential influence on the fiscal soundness of local governments depending on the level of financial independence, while general grants did not have statistically significant effects on local governments with either low debt ratio or low financial independence.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Unobserved Heterogeneity in Public Procurement Governance and Value for Money 2020-02-07T10:20:53Central Europe Standard Time Ma Zhiqiang Maulid Hussein Bwabo Li Mingxing Hu Weijun Faustine P Panga <p>The public procurement governance crisis in developing countries is typically triggered by unclear transparency and accountability, inadequate competitiveness procedures and weak legal frameworks. To address these challenges, unlikely other studies, we critically analyzed the effects’ sizes and permutation tests to uncover unobserved heterogeneity. The motives behind this paper are to ascertain the unobserved heterogeneity in public procurement governance and to identify existence classes with homogeneous behavior patterns. REBUS-PLS was used to measure and assess the unobserved heterogeneity. In that premises, the paper critically assessed the measurement and structural models and explicitly analyzed the goodness of fit (GoF) index, group quality index (GQI), effects' sizes and permutation tests. The six tested hypotheses were significant at the global model after accustoms the bootstrap. By contrast, the local models show better performance compared to the global model. The paper contributes by providing original empirical findings to the main streams of the public procurement governance with REBUS-PLS which is not a common approach. The study concludes that significant unobserved heterogeneity existed regarding transparency, accountability, competition, legal frameworks and value for money from a viewpoint of local government in Tanzania.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## How to Measure Wellbeing in Outcomes-based Commissioning? 2020-02-07T10:23:54Central Europe Standard Time Anniina Tirronen Jari Stenvall Tony Kinder Piia Tienhaara Paula Rossi <p>Outcomes-based commissioning has been gaining ground for several years now. Criticism of outcomes-based commissioning usually concerns measuring. However, valid and reliable outcome measures are difficult to find. This study is a case study of the procurement made in the years of 2013 and 2014 in the city of Tampere, Finland. Data were collected in 2015 from the tendering documents and by interviewing 5 civil servants and 8 service providers who all took part in the procurement, and in 2016 from a workshop. Measuring outcomes can be cumbersome, especially when verifying a connection between services and outcomes. However, using surrogates for wellbeing alongside conventional quality and achievement indicators, can allow practitioners to establish whether the values held by the public are embedded in the public value created by a new service model. The paper suggests a new framework for use in tracking the migration of values into value.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact of Fiscal Decentralisation on Local Economic Development in Serbia 2020-02-07T10:34:07Central Europe Standard Time Will Bartlett Katarina Đulić Sanja Kmezic <p>Serbia is a transition country that has experienced strong negative spillover effects from the global financial crisis and the subsequent eurozone debt crisis. At the same time it is a candidate for accession to the European Union. Success in local economic development is likely to affect prospects for economic recovery and a successful EU integration process and the paper analyses the contribution of fiscal decentralisation to successful local economic development. The analysis is based upon a cross-section time-series regression model that reveals a positive impact of local public expenditure on economic development. Expenditure on education has a particularly strong effect on local economic development, as does investment per capita from both public and private sources. The conclusion of the paper is that local economic development has been enhanced by the fiscal decentralisation that has taken place in Serbia.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effective Spirits’ Taxation Policy across Regions in Montenegro 2020-02-07T10:37:05Central Europe Standard Time Gordana Radojevic Mirjana Čizmović Ana Mugoša Tanja Laković <p>This study aims to test the impact of taxation policy on households’ spirits consumption on a regional level. To asses regional differences in spirits use and prevalence changes, due to price and income increase, we applied Two-part methodology on Household Budget Survey data. Using estimates of prevalence and conditional elasticity, we were capable of simulating the effects of price changes on consumption and public revenues. The results confirmed the positive impact of effective taxation policy – consumption decreases, and public revenues increase with evident regional differences. The paper contributes to the research of the consumption sensitivity to price and income changes, which was, until now, not empirically tested in Montenegro.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## Local Government Borrowing Capacity: Legislative versus Market Approach in Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia 2020-02-07T10:44:14Central Europe Standard Time Vasja Rant Mitja Čok Gregor Rožman Miroslav Verbič <p>In this article, we develop a new conceptual model for estimating local government borrowing capacity that combines a legislative and market approach. The model has wider applicability and is relevant for several stakeholders: for the local governments to determine their development financing potential, for the central government to balance local development needs with macroeconomic stability objectives, and for financial institutions and project, developers to tailor their products to the local financing and investment opportunities. We apply the model on selected local government units in Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia and test the hypothesis that their relative (per capita) borrowing capacities differ. We find that the legislative borrowing capacity is more restrictive in Slovenia, while market limitations cap the borrowing capacity in Croatia and Serbia. Overall, Slovenian local government units have the highest relative (per capita) market borrowing capacity, followed by local government units in Croatia and Serbia. We also find evidence that market sentiment may be prohibitive for the borrowing of some units. Our results additionally indicate substantial unused local borrowing capacities in the analysed local government units.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Stakeholders in Post Conflict Peacebuilding in Swat, Pakistan 2020-02-07T11:05:12Central Europe Standard Time Qasim Ali Shah Bahadar Nawab Tahir Mehmood <p>Peacebuilding is a continuous process to transform conflicts into development opportunities for and by the stakeholders. This article explores the role of stakeholders in post-conflict peacebuilding in Swat. Applying Constructivist paradigm and Discourse Analysis, 80 semi-structured interviews were conducted by incorporating local community, civil society and the government. Study finds out that cultural, political, social and economic tiers of peacebuilding measures in Swat hardly achieved its purpose. The lack of institutional coordination and gaps in peacebuilding measures are important hurdles, which needs to be minimized for sustainable development processes in Swat.</p> 2020-01-26T00:00:00Central Europe Standard Time ##submission.copyrightStatement##