Coalition Government and Possible Course of UK Political and Electoral System Reform after 2010 Parliamentary Elections
In this paper the authors analyse the current state of affairs of a political system in theory and constitutional practice popularly termed the Westminster system, which also played the role of a prototype to ex-British dominions and some other countries. Exceptional for its longevity, it is also an example of stability and social consensuality about fundamental values. However, although this state creation has a monopoly in expressive symbolism, some weaknesses have been identified when it comes to the symbols and main elements of this system. One of its weak points is a two - party system of government, devoid of liveliness in a political process with latent agreement of different generations, and, in essence, the same or cosmetically changed political establishment. Consistence of government of one or another party is caused by nature of the electoral system, whose main characteristics are the surplus of inequity and deficit of modernity. Discussing the recent elections in Great Britain, authors give them the label of elections with precedent, especially because of the new type of government – the coalition cabinet, and they also consider the new people in official politics and their voice in the system of political relations – members of the third party, Liberal – Democrats. The issue of electoral system and directions of its reform remains open, which will inevitably lead to introducing changes into the political system.
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