Local Government Transfer into the Process of Ukraine's European Integration: Achievements of Communities and Losses of the Executive Branch of Power

  • Tetyana Oleksandrivna Karabin Uzhhorod National University
  • Oleksandr Bilash Uzhhorod National University
  • Roman Fridmanskyy Uzhhorod National University
  • Vasyl Tymchak Uzhhorod National University
Keywords: decentralisation, territorial reform, amalgamation of territorial communities, fiscal decentralisation, local government resources

Abstract

The obligations assumed by the Ukrainian state by ratifying the association agreement between Ukraine and the European Union have become a reference point for transformations taking place in various spheres of public life, including local self-government. The article analyzes Ukraine's compliance with EU requirements regarding local self-government organisation, achievements in this field, and determining the prospects for reform. The analysis is grouped into four blocks: implementation of administrative and territorial reform; budget decentralisation; optimization of the organization of local public authorities (executive bodies formation of regional (oblast) and district (rayon) councils, the establishment of prefectures); land reform (transfer of land management to communities). The powers of local self-government bodies and state bodies were transformed in implementing municipal, territorial, fiscal and land reforms. However, further reforms are impossible without amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine (regarding the decentralisation of power), the adoption of new legislative acts (on the principles of the administrative-territorial structure of Ukraine, on prefectures), as well as amendments to some existing ones (on local self-government, etc.).

References

Act No. 562-IX (2020) Law On amendments to some laws of Ukraine on the definition of territories and administrative centers of territorial communities, available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/562-IX#Text (January 12, 2021).

Act No. 711-IX (2020) Law On amendments to some legislative acts of Ukraine on land use planning, available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/711-20#Text (February 09, 2021).

Act No. 79-VIII (2014) Law On Amendments to the Budget Code of Ukraine on the reform of interbudgetary relations, available at: zakon.rada.gov.ua/go/2456-17 (February 11, 2021).

Arends, H. (2020) The Dangers of Fiscal Decentralization and Public Service Delivery: a Review of Arguments, Polit Vierteljahresschr, 61, pp. 599–622, available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11615-020-00233-7 (March 01, 2021).

Bakhur, N. V. (2020) Finansova detsentralizatsiya yak chynnyk rehionalʹnoho rozvytku, In: Zhalilo, YA. A. (eds.) Detsentralizatsiya i formuvannya polityky rehionalʹnoho rozvytku v Ukrayinip (Kyyiv: NISD).

Bilash, O. V. (2020) Formation of capable local self-government in Ukraine and European standards, In: Public Administration and Management: modern scientific discussions (Riga, Latvia: “Baltija Publishing”).

Borshch, H. A., Vakulenko, V. M., Hrynchuk, N. M. (2017) Resursne zabezpechennya obʺyednanoyi terytorialʹnoyi hromady ta yiyi marketynh (Kyyiv).

Budget Code (2010) Budget Code of Ukraine, Act No. 2456-VI, available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2456-17/ed20150920/conv#n1514 (February 13, 2021).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2014) Resolution No. 333-р, On approval of the concept of local government reform and territorial organization of power in Ukraine, available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/333-2014-%D1%80#Text (January 15, 2021).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2017) Resolution No. 1106, Action plan for the implementation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other hand, available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1106-2017-%D0%BF (January 21, 2021).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2018) Resolution No. 60-р, On Issues of transfer of state-owned agricultural land plots to communal ownership of united territorial communities, available at: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/npas/pitannya-peredachi-1 (February 10, 2021).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2020) Resolution No. 1113, On Some measures to accelerate reforms in the field of land relations, available at: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/npas/deyaki-zahodi-shchodo-priskorennya-reform-u-sferi-zemelnih-vidnosin-i161120-1113 (February 10, 2021).

Campbell, A., & Coulson, A. (2006) Into the mainstream: Local democracy in Central and Eastern Europe, Local Government Studies, 32(5), pp. 543-561.

Case N 802/4448/ 13-а, Resolution of the Vinnytsia District Administrative Court of November 15, 2013, available at: http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/ Review/35439091 (January 24, 2021).

Case N 809/3962/13-а, Resolution of the Ivano-Frankivsk District Administrative Court of January 15, 2014, available at: http://www. reyestr.court.gov.ua/ Review/36720332 (January 25, 2021).

Consolidated Budget of Ukraine (2020) Zvedenyy byudzhet Ukrayiny: yak zminyuvalysya dokhody ta vytraty koshtorysu za ostanni 10 rokiv, available at: https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2020/07/10/infografika/finansy/zvedenyj-byudzhet-ukrayiny-yak-zminyuvalysya-doxody-ta-vytraty-koshtorysu-ostanni-10-rokiv (February 06, 2021).

Council of Europe (1985) European Charter of Local Self-Government, available at: https://rm.coe.int/168007a088 (February 25, 2021).

Davey, K. & Péteri, G. (2006) Taxes, transfers and transition – adjusting local finances to new structures and institutions: The experience of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia, Local Government Studies, 32 (5), pp. 585-598.

Deputy Minister of Finance of Ukraine (2020) Byudzhetna detsentralizatsiya: holovni vyklyky ta dosyahnennya: Za 5 rokiv byudzhety orhaniv mistsevoho samovryaduvannya zbilʹshylysʹ u 4 razy, available at: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/12661(February 28, 2021).

Dressler, M. (2018) Decentralising power: building inclusive peace? The European Union’s support to governance reform in Eastern Ukraine, Whole-of-Society Peacebuilding, 6(3), pp. 201-217.

Ebinger, F., Kuhlmann, S. & Bogumil, J. (2019) Territorial reforms in Europe: effects on administrative performance and democratic participation, Local Government Studies, 45(1), pp.1-23.

Eurostat (2020) Statistical regions in the European Union and partner countries. NUTS and statistical regions 2021, available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/10967554/KS-GQ-20-092-EN-N.pdf/9d57ae79-3ee7-3c14-da3e-34726da385cf?t=1591285035000 (February 21, 2021).

Ezcurra, R. & Rodriguez-Pose, A. (2013) Political Decentralization, Economic Growth and Regional Disparities in the OECD, Regional Studies, 47(3), pp. 388–401, https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2012.731046.

Hanushchak, YU. I. (2012) Terytorialʹna orhanizatsiya vlady. Stan ta napryamky zmin (Kyiv: Lehalʹnyy status).

Harust, Y., Durnov, Y., Boichuk, A., Chernezhenko, O., Holosnichenko, I. (2020) Administrative-Territorial Reform: The Experience of the Countries of Western Europe, Cuestiones Políticas, 37(65), pp. 249-268, available at: https://www.produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/cuestiones/issue/view/3472 (March 05, 2021).

Higdem, Ul., Høyer H. Ch., Mønness E. N., Lesjø J. H. (2020) Changing Attitudes Towards Territorial Municipal Reforms – The Case of Inland Norway, Lex localis - journal of local self-government, 18(2), pp. 271-292.

Hladiy V. (2015) Mistseve samovryaduvannya yak resurs polityky yevrointehratsiyi: dosvid vyshehradsʹkoyi hrupy ta perspektyvy Ukrayiny. Dys. na zdobuttya naukovoho stupenya kandydata politychnykh nauk (Ivano-Frankivsʹk).

Karabin, T. O. (2011) Udoskonalennya povnovazhenʹ mistsevykh derzhavnykh administratsiy v konteksti zdiysnennya administratyvno-terytorialʹnoyi reformy v Ukrayini, Forum prava, 4, pp. 356–360, available at: http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/e-journals/FP/2011-4/11ktorvu.pdf (January 30, 2021).

Kononenko, О. (2019) Transformation of land relations regulation mechanism throughout the rural sustainable development context, Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 5(1), pp. 19–36, available at: http://are-journal.com (February 16, 2021).

Kosach, I., Duka, A., Starchenko, G., Myhaylovska, O. & Zhavoronok, A. (2020) Socioeconomic viability of public management in the context of European integration processes. Administratie si Management Public, 35, pp.139-152.

Kuybida, V. S. Pavlenko, V. P. Yatsyuk, V. A. (2009) Administratyvno-terytorialʹnyy ustriy Ukrayiny. Istoriya. Suchasnistʹ. Perspektyvy (Kyyiv: Heoprint).

Levitas, T. & Djikic, J. (2017) Caught Mid-Stream: “Decentralization,” Local Government Finance Reform, and the Restructuring of Ukraine’s Public Sector 2014 to 2016, available at: http://sklinternational.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UkraineCaughtMidStream-ENG-FINAL-06.10.2017.pdf (February 23, 2021).

Maynzyuk, K. & Dzhygyr, Yu. (2010) The Evolution of Ukraine’s Administrative and Territorial Structure: Trends, Issues, and Risks, In: Swianiewicz, P. (ed.) Territorial Consolidation Reforms in Europe (Budapest), pp. 265-278.

Minister of Development of Communities and Territories of Ukraine (2019) Vid evolyutsiynoho etapu obʺyednannya hromad perekhodymo do obʺyednannya za pryntsypom spromozhnosti, – Alʹona Babak, available at: http://www.minregion.gov.ua/press/news/vid-evolyutsiynogo-etapu-ob-yednannya-gromad-perehodimo-do-ob-yednannya-za-printsipom-spromozhnosti-alona-babak/ (January 10, 2021).

Miroshnychenko A. (2015) Povsyudnistʹ mistsevoho samovryaduvannya – bezzaperechnyy plyus zakonoproektu, Holos Ukrayiny, 135(6139), p. 7, available at: http://www.golos.com.ua/article/257458 (February 27, 2021).

Munitsypalʹna reforma v konteksti yevrointehratsiyi Ukrayiny: pozytsiya vlady, naukovtsiv, profspilok ta hromadsʹkosti (2019) Tezy dopovidey Tretʹoyi shchorichnoyi vseukrayinsʹkoyi naukovo-praktychnoyi konferentsiyi (Kyyiv: TOV «VI EN EY PRES»).

OECD (2014) Regional Outlook: Regions and Cities: Where Policies and People Meet (Paris: OECD).

Oharenko, V., & Kozachenko, I. (2020) Medical reform under decentralization: contemporary problems and prospects for resolution, Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 6(4), pp. 110-117, available at: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2020-6-4-110-117 (March 07, 2021).

Onyshchuk, S. V., Onyshchuk, I. I., Siryk, Z. O. & Turenko, V. E. (2020) Practice of Administrative and Territorial Reform in the EU and Ukraine: Regulatory and Management, International Journal of Management, 11(4), pp. 487-499, available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3601579 (March 10, 2021).

Panasyuk, S. (2018) The Term "Local Authority" in the European Charter of Local-Self Government: Different Meanings Lead to Different Implementation, University of Bologna law review, 3(1), pp. 123-144, available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326327938_The_Term_Local_Authority_in_the_European_Charter_of_Local-Self_Government_Different_Meanings_Lead_to_Different_Implementation (January 17, 2021).

Petryshyn, O, Petryshyna, M, Hyliaka O. & Didych T. (2019) The Features of the System of Normative-Legal Acts of Local Self-Government of Ukraine: A Rejection of the Soviet Union Postulates in Favour of the European Union Values, Baltic Journal of European Studies, 9, 3 (28), pp. 286-310.

Pidchosa, L., Lyutyy, I. & Pidchosa, O. (2019) Decentralization of inter-budget relations: theory, practice, and international experience, Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 5(4), pp. 182-196, available at: https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2019-5-4-182-196 (February 07, 2021).

Portal "Decentralization" (2019) available at: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/11861 (February 21, 2021).

President of Ukraine (2020) Decree On the transfer of agricultural land from state to communal ownership, N 449/2020, available at: https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/4492020-35353 (February 19, 2021).

Razumkov Tsentr (2020) Ukrayina-2020: nevypravdani ochikuvannya, neochikuvani vyklyky. Pidsumky roku u dzerkali hromadsʹkoyi dumky, available at: https://razumkov.org.ua/napriamky/sotsiologichni-doslidzhennia/ukraina2020-nevypravdani-ochikuvannia-neochikuvani-vyklyky-pidsumky-roku-u-dzerkali-gromadskoi-dumky-gruden-2020r (February 20, 2021).

Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS), available at: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2003/1059/oj (February 01, 2021).

Reznik, O. M., Riadinska, V. O., Kuybida, V. S., Zubenko, H, V., Zastrozhnіkova, I. V. (2020) Regulatory and Organizational Aspects: Administrative-Territorial Reform in Ukraine, International Journal of Management, 11(4), pp. 576-584, available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3601719 (March 11, 2021).

Schneider А. (2003) Decentralization: Conceptualization and Measurement, Studies in Comparative International Development, 38 (3), pp. 32–56.

Shapoval, R. V. (2016). Administrative - Territorial Reform in Ukraine: Implementation Challenges and Control Mechanism Improvement, Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 3(17), pp. 1160-1169, available at: httpy/www.aserseu/joumals/iafle/larle-issues (January 27, 2021).

Shevchenko, O. V., Romanova, V. V. & Zhalilo, YA. A. (2020) Detsentralizatsiya i formuvannya polityky rehionalʹnoho rozvytku v Ukrayini (Kyyiv: NISD).

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2020) Number of existing population of Ukraine of January 1, 2020, available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2020/zb/05/zb_chuselnist%202019.pdf (February 18, 2021).

StateBudget2021 (2021) available at: http://sklinternational.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/StateBudget2021.pdf (March 18, 2021).

StateGeoCadastre (2020) Zemelʹna detsentralizatsiya-2020: moment istyny, available at: https://land.gov.ua/zemelna-detsentralizatsiia-2020-moment-istyny/ https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/11861 (February 11, 2021).

Vanags, E. & Vilka, I. (2006) Local Government in the Baltic States: Similar but Different, Local Government Studies, 32(5), pp. 623-637.

White, S. (2011) Government decentralization in the 21st century: a literature review (Washington: Center For Strategic And International Studies), available at: https://csis-website-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/120329_White_Decentralization_Web.pdf (March 16, 2021).

Zapara, S. I., Rohovenko, O., Tischenko, O., Shevchenko, T., Kuznetsova, M. & Bondar, N. (2020) International Journal of Management (IJM), 11(6), pp. 1569-1579, available online at: http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/issues.asp?JType=IJM&VType=11&IType=6 (February 11, 2021).

Published
2021-07-22
Section
Article