Changes in Housing Discourse in Four Czech Municipalities. Will Young People Get Support?

Keywords: housing policy, local governance, electoral programmes, young people

Abstract

In post-communist countries, the early years of housing policy after 1989 were characterised by the withdrawal of the state. Municipalities played an important role in the housing privatisation process in the Czech Republic. Thirty years later, a global boom in housing prices occurred in major urban centres. Young people are facing the problem of decreasing housing affordability. The analyses of the programme statements of electoral parties and coalition agreements in selected regional centres reveals the issue’s increasing saliency as well as a change in the overall discourse of housing. Moreover, local path dependencies and ways of bridging ideological differences in a coalition are explained. Electoral programmes tend to focus on young families rather than young people in general. In the crisis of housing affordability, those groups that have something to offer cities are preferred in party programme statements.

References

Alonso, J. M. & Andrews, R. (2018) The Politics of Public Housing Reform: Local Government Stock Transfer in England, International Public Management Journal, 21(3), pp. 392-412, https://doi.org/10.1080/10967494.2018.1427160.

Alonso, S., Goméz, B. & Cabeza, L. (2013) Measuring Centre-Periphery Preferences: The Regional Manifestos Project, Regional and Federal Studies 23(2), pp. 189-211, https://doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2012.754351.

Ashworth, R. & Boyne, G. (2000) Pledges and performance: An empirical analysis of the relationship between manifesto commitments and local services, In: Hoggart, K. & Nichols Clark, T. (ed.) Citizen Responsive Government (Bradford: Emerald), (pp. 167-201), https://doi.org/10.1016/S1479-3520(00)80011-2.

Balík, S. (2012) Municipal elections 2010 studies, [In Czech] (Brno: Masarykova univerzita).

Budge, I., Klingemann, H. D., Volkens A., Bara, J. & Tanenbaum, E. (2001) Mapping Policy Preferences Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945–1998 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Clegg, L. & Farstad, F. (2021) The local political economy of the regulatory state: Governing affordable housing in England, Regulation and Governance, 15(1), pp. 168–184, https://doi.org/10.1111/rego.12276.

Czech Statistical Office, House Price Index [In Czech], available at: https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/ceny_bytu (July 10, 2020).

Gross, M. & Jankowski, M. (2020) Dimensions of political conflict and party positions in multi-level democracies: evidence from the Local Manifesto Project, West European Politics, 43(1), pp. 74-101, https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2019.1602816.

Hegedüs, J., Lux, M. & Sunega, P. (2011) Decline and Depression: The Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Housing Markets in Two Post-Socialist States, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 26(3), pp. 315-333, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-011-9228-7.

Hegedüs, J. &Tosics, I. (1998) Rent Reform – Issues for the Countries of Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States, Housing Studies, 13(5), pp. 657-678, https://doi.org/10.1080/02673039883155.

Jacobs, K. (2019) Neoliberal Housing Policy. An International Perspective (London: Routledge).

Klingemann, H. D., Volkens, A., Bara, J., Budge, I. & McDonald, M. D. (2006) Mapping Policy Preferences II: Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Central and Eastern Europe, European Union and OECD 1990–2003, vol. 2. (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Lappie, J. & Marschall, M. (2018) Place and Participation in Local Elections, Political Geography, 64, pp. 33–42, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2018.02.003.

Libbrecht L., Maddens, B., Swenden, W. & Fabre, E. (2009) Issue Salience in Regional Party Manifestos in Spain, European Journal of Political Research 48(1), pp. 58-79, https://10.1111/j.1475-6765.2008.00820.x.

Linek, L. & Petrúšek, I. (2016) What's past is prologue, or is it? Generational effects on voter turnout in post-communist countries, 1990-2013, Electoral Studies, 42, pp. 78-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2016.02.002.

Lux, M. (ed.) (2003) Housing policy: and end or a new beginning? (Budapest: Open Society Institute).

Lux, M. & Sunega, P. (2014) Public Housing in the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe: Decline and an Open Future, Housing Studies, 29(4), pp. 501-519, https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2013.875986.

Lux, M., Sunega, P. & Katrňák, T. (2013) Classes and Castles: Impact of Social Stratification on Housing Inequality in Post-Socialist States. European Sociological Review 29(2), pp. 274-288, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcr060.

Lux, M. & Sunega, P. (2020) Using Path Dependence Theory to Explain Housing Regime Change: The Traps of Super-Homeownership, Critical Housing Analysis, 7(1), pp. 25-35, https://doi.org/10.13060/23362839.2020.7.1.501.

Lux, M., Samec, T., Bartos, V., Sunega, P., Palguta, J., Boumová, I. & Kážmér, L. (2018) Who actually decides? Parents influence on the housing tenure choice of their children, Urban Studies, 55(2), pp. 406-426, https://doi.org/ 10.1177/0042098016646665.

Magnier, A., Getimis, P., Cabria, M. & Baptista, L. (2018) Mayors and Spatial Planning in Their Cities; In Heinelt, H., Magnier, A., Cabria, M. & Reynaert, H. (eds.) Political Leaders and Changing Local Democracy. The European Mayor, pp. 411-445 (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan).

Mansfeldová, Z. & Lacina, T. (2019) Czech Republic. Declining Bipolarity and New Patterns of Conflict, In: Bergman, T., Ilonszki, G. & Müller, W. C. (eds.) Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe, pp. 129-169 (Oxford: Oxford University Press), https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198844372.003.0004.

Merz, N., Regel, S. & Lewandowski, J. (2016) The Manifesto Corpus: A new resource for research on political parties and quantitative text analysis. Research and Politics 3(2), pp. 1-8, https://doi.org/10.1177/2053168016643346.

Neuendorf, K. A. (2002) The Content Analysis Guidebook. (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).

Pixová, M. (2020) Contested Czech Cities. From Urban Grassroots to Prodemodratic Populism (Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9709-8.

PORC (Public Opinion Research Center) (2018) November [dataset] [online]. Ver. 1.0. Czech Social Science Data Archive, available at: https://doi.org/ 10.14473/V1811en (August 1, 2019).

Ryšavý, D. & Šaradín, P. (2011) Representatives of Czech cities and municipalities in a European perspective [In Czech] (Praha: Sociologické nakladatelství).

Ryšavý, D. (2021) One Crisis after Another? How Much Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacted Opinions on Welfare-state Priorities, Scientific Papers of the University of Pardubice, Series D: Faculty of Economics and Administration, 29(1), p. 1237, https://doi.org/10.46585/sp29011237.

Souralová, A. & Žáková, M. (2020 on-line first) My home, my castle: meanings of home ownership in multigenerational housing, Housing Studies, https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2020.1853074.

Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. M. (1990) Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques (Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications, Inc.).

Struyk, R. (ed.) (1996) Economic Restructuring of the Former Soviet Block: the Case of Housing (Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute Press).

Sunega, P. & Lux, M. (2018) Equal in Incomes, Unequal in Wealth? Housing Wealth Inequalities in the Czech Republic [In Czech], Sociologický časopis/Czech Sociological Review, 54(5), pp. 749-780, https://doi.org/10.13060/00380288.2018.54.5.422.

Sýkora, L. (2003) Between the state and the market: Local government and housing in the Czech Republic, In: Lux, M. (ed.) Housing Policy: And End or a New Beginning, pp. 51-116 (Budapest: Open Society Institute).

van De Voorde, N., Bouteca, N., Schamp, T. & Steyvers, K. (2018) Birds of a Feather or by Note? Ideological Nationalization of Local Electoral Manifestos in Belgium, Lex Localis – Journal of Local Self-Government, 16(1), pp. 1-24, https://doi.org/10.4335/10.4335/16.1.1-24(2018).

Van Dijk, T. A. (1993) Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis, Discourse and Society, 4(2), pp. 249-283, https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002006.

Van Atteveldt, W., Welbers, K., & Van der Velden, M. A. C. G. (2019) Studying political decision-making with automatic text analysis, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics (Oxford University Press), online, https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.957.

Vašát, P. & Čermák, D. (2016) The Discursive Dimension of Second-order Elections: The Case of Czech Regional Elections 2012, Romanian Journal of Political Science, 16(2), pp. 121-153.

Wetzstein, S. (2017) The global urban housin affordability crisis, Urban Studies, 54(14), pp. 3159-3177, https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098017711649.

Wodak, R. & Meyer, M. (eds.) (2002) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC: Sage).

Published
2022-04-21
Section
Article