Impact of Municipal Political Decision Maker’s Tenure on Physical Urbanisation in China: A Empirical Study based on the Profiles of Secretaries of Municipal Party Committees

  • Chengzhi Yin Tsinghua University, School of Public Policy and Management
  • Hao Sun Tsinghua University, School of Public Policy and Management
Keywords: China, urbanization, built-up area, urban development, local government, political commitment

Abstract

China’s rapid urbanisation in the past 30 years has been a prominent issue in the world. However, few studies elaborate on the rapid spatial urbanisation from the perspective of local decision makers (in particular the Secretaries of Municipal Party Committees-the SMPCs). Local governors are always seeking promotions as they are in a competitive bureaucratic hierarchy. This research is, therefore, intended to explain the local decision-making driving force of spatial urbanisation by analysing the interaction between local decision makers’ tenures and urban expansion. Based on the panel data of all 286 prefecture-level cities nationwide from 2000 to 2014, Stata 14.0 was applied to implement regression analysis. Research findings show that SMPCs have, in general, great incentives for promoting rapid urban development. Additionally, SMPCs who are transferred from other municipalities implement more rapid and larger-scale urban development than those who are locally promoted.

References

Anderson, G. & Ge, Y. (2004) Do Economic Reforms Accelerate Urban Growth? The Case of China, Urban Studies, 41(11), pp. 2197-2210.

Bai, N. S. (2003) China's urbanisation, Management World, 11, pp. 78-97.

Bertaud, A. & Renaud, B. (1997) Socialist cities without land markets, Journal of Urban Economics, 41(1), pp. 137.

Bertinelli, L. & Black, D. (2004) Urbanization and growth. Journal of Urban Economics, 56(1), pp. 80-96.

Brueckner, J. K. (1987) The structure of urban equilibria: A unified treatment of the muth-mills model, Handbook of Regional & Urban Economics, 2(87), pp. 821-845.

Brueckner, J. K. (1990) Analyzing Third World Urbanization: A Model with Empirical Evidence, Economic Development & Cultural Change, 38(3), pp. 587-610.

Brueckner, J. K. & Fansler, D. A. (1983) The economics of urban sprawl: theory and evidence on the spatial sizes of cities, Review of Economics & Statistics, 65(3), pp. 479.

Brueckner, J. K. & Rabenau, B. V. (1981) Dynamics of land-use for a closed city, Regional Science & Urban Economics, 11(1), pp. 1-17.

Cai, F. (2016) Come out a human-centered urbanisation road, QIUSHI, 23, pp. 23-25.

Castanho, R. et al. (2016) Identifying critical factors for success in Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) development projects. Habitat International, In Press, pp. 1-8, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.10.004.

Chen, B. C., Hao, S. & Yang, X. (2004) The Dynamic Mechanism of the Rapid Development of Urbanisation in China, Acta Geographica Sinica, 6, pp. 1068-1075.

Chen, L.T. & Hou, J. J. (2012) A Study of Interactive Relationship between the Service Industry Agglomeration and Urbanisation: 1997—2009, Northwest Population Journal, 3, pp. 84-88.

Chen, M. X., Lu, D. & Zhang, H. (2009) Comprehensive Evaluation and the Driving Factors of China's Urbanisation, Acta Geographica Sinica, 4, pp. 387-398.

Chen, S. (2016) From Governance to Institutionalization: Political Selection from the Perspective of Central-local Relations in China--Past and Present, Fudan University, Department of Economics Working Paper:1368-2010 (Shangai Shi: Fudan University).

Chen, Y. G. (2003) What is the urbanisation level of China? City Planning Review, 7, pp. 12-17.

Chen, Y.Y. & Luo, D. L. (2012) Local Governors' Turnover and Firms' Investment. Economic Research Journal, S2, pp. 18-30.

Davis, J. C. & Henderson, J. V. (2003) Evidence on the political economy of the urbanization process, Journal of Urban Economics, 53(1), pp. 98-125.

Deng, X. Z. et al. (2010) Economic Growth and the Expansion of Urban Land in China, Urban Studies, 47(4), pp. 813-843.

Deng, X. et al. (2008) Growth, population and industrialization, and urban land expansion of China, Journal of Urban Economics, 63(1), pp. 96-115.

Feng, Y. (1997) Democracy, Political Stability and Economic Growth, British Journal of Political Science, 27(3), pp. 391-418.

Feng, Y. et al. (2002) Population Growth, Urbanisation and the Role of Government in China: A Political Economic Model of Demographic Change, Urban Studies, 39(12), pp. 2329-2343.

Gallego, M. & Pitchik, C. (2004) An Economic Theory of Leadership Turnover, Journal of Public Economics, 88 (12), pp. 2361-2382.

Han, X. L. & Zhang, L. Q. (2015) The influence of the marketization process on urbanisation in China, Statistics & Decision, 5, pp. 123-127.

He, J.X. & He, Y. (2013) Impact of the Change in Industrial and Employment Structure on Urbanisation in China: An Empirical Analysis Based on the VEC Model, China Population, Resources and Environment, 6, pp. 103-110.

Henderson, J. V. (1974) The Size and Types of Cities, American Economic Review, 64(4), pp. 640-656.

Henderson, J. V. (1982) The impact of government policies on urban concentration, Journal of Urban Economics, 12(3), pp. 280-303.

Henderson, J. V. (1986) Efficiency of resource usage and city size, Journal of Urban Economics, 19(1), pp. 47-70.

Henderson, J. V. (2007) China's urban: policy issues and choices, Urban Studies (Chengshi Fazhang Yanjiu, in Chinese), 4, pp. 32-41.

Hu, J. (2009) The growth of the provincial party committee secretary of the road, Decision-Making, 11, pp. 36-37.

Jiang, B., Zhiren, H., Wenli, C., Yansui, L. & Jieyoung, W. (2014) Research on city land use expansion driving factors and spatial expansion mode, Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 7, pp. 1-6.

Ke, S. Z., Yan, S. & Ming, H. (2009) Determinants of Urban Spatial Scale: Chinese Cities in Transition. Urban Studies, 46(13), pp. 2795-2813.

Kerzner, D. S. (1993) Commercial Real Estate Laws of the People's Republic of China and Shenzhen: An Overview, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 26, pp. 581-632.

Kou, C. & Tsai, W. (2014) “Sprinting with Small Steps” Towards Promotion: Solutions for the Age Dilemma in the CCP Cadre Appointment System, China Journal, 71, pp.153-171.

Li, H. B. & Zhou, L. A. (2005) Political turnover and economic performance: the incentive role of personnel control in China, Journal of Public Economics, 89, pp. 1743-1762.

Li, J. Z. (2014) The improvement of the party and head power operation mechanism. Academics, 4, pp. 5-16.

Li, L. L. (2013) Perplexity of Inflection Point at 50% Urbanisation Level-A Comparative Study on Rapid Urbanisation of Typical Countries, Urban Planning Forum, 3, pp. 43-49.

Lichtenberg, E. & Ding, C. (2009) Local officials as land developers: Urban spatial expansion in China, Journal of Urban Economics, 66(1), pp. 57-64.

Lin, G. C. S. & Zhang, A. Y. (2015) Emerging spaces of neoliberal urbanism in China: Land commodification, municipal finance and local economic growth in prefecture-level cities, Urban Studies, 52(15), pp. 2774-2798.

Liu, J. Y., Zhang, Z., Xu, X., Kuang, W., Zhou, W., Zhang, S., Li, R., Yan, C., Yu, D., Wu, S. & Jiang, N. (2009) Spatial Patterns and Driving Forces of Land Use Change in China in the Early 21st Century, Acta Geographica Sinica, 12, pp. 1411-1420.

Liu. J. et al. (2012) Local Officials’ Promotion and Land Finance in China: An Empirical Analysis of Panel Data from Municipal-Level Cities, Journal of Public Management, 2, pp. 12-23.

Mcdonald, J. F. & Osuji, C. I. (1995) The effect of anticipated transportation improvement on residential land values, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 25, pp. 261-278.

Melo, M. A., Pereira, C. & Figueiredo, C. M. (2009) Political and Institutional Checks on Corruption: Explaining the Performance of Brazilian Audit Institutions, Comparative Political Studies, 42 (9), pp. 1217-1244.

Montinola, G., Qian, Y. & Weingast, B. R. (1995) Federalism, Chinese Style: The Political Basis for Economic Success in China, World Politics, 48(1), pp. 50-81.

Ni, P. F. , Kresl, P. & Li, X. (2014) China urban competitiveness in industrialization: Based on the panel data of 25 cities in China from 1990 to 2009, Urban Studies, 51(13), pp. 2787-2805.

Pogudina & Yu, Y. (2013) Working migration in the process of urbanisation in China after 1978. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, Seriia 7: Geologia, G., 2, pp. 43-48.

Rogers, A. (1982) Sources of urban population growth and urbanization 1950-2000: a demographic accounting, Economic Development & Cultural Change, 30(3), pp. 483-506.

Song, S. F. & Zhang, K. H. (2002) Urbanisation and City Size Distribution in China, Urban Studies, 39(12), pp. 2317-2327.

Spence, M. et al. (2016) Urbanisation and Growth (Beijing: China Renmin University Press).

Stiglitz, J. (1994) Whither Socialism? Cambridge (MA: MIT Press).

Sun, J. W. & Peng, W. (2009) The characteristics of urbanisation in China and its relationship with industrial research, Jianghuai Tribune, 6, pp. 28-35.

Sun, Z. D. (2003) Population urbanisation rate should not be overestimated, China National Conditions and Strength, 3, pp. 30-32.

Taylor, J. R. (2015) The China Dream is an Urban Dream: Assessing the CPC’s National New-Type Urbanisation Plan, Journal of Chinese Political Science, 20(2), pp. 107-120.

Todaro, M. P. (1969) A Model of Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries, The American Economic Review, 59(1), pp. 138-148.

Wang, J. S. & He, C. F. (2009) Chinese Urban Land Expansion Issues in Transition Period - Empirical Test Based on Muth-Mill Model, Urban Studies(China), 3, pp. 24-29.

Wang, X.B. & Xu, X. X. (2008) The sources, destination, term and economic growth: the evidence of provincial governors and one provincial party secretary, Management World, 3, pp. 16-26.

Wheaton, W. C. (1974) A Comparative Static Analysis of Urban Spatial Structure, Journal of Economic Theory, 9(2), pp. 223-237.

Wu, F. L. (2002) China’s Changing Urban Governance in the Transition Towards a More Market-oriented Economy, Urban Studies, 39(7), pp. 1071-1093.

Xu, C. G. (2011) The Fundamental Institutions of China’s Reforms and Development, Journal of Economic Literature,49(4), pp. 1076-1151.

Xu, Z.L. & Zhu, N. (2009) City Size Distribution in China: Are Large Cities Dominant? Urban Studies, 46(10), pp. 2159-2185.

Xue, L. (2013) Slow down the pace and sustainable New type of urbanisation: slow is a kind of scenery, The comparison and reflection of Chinese and foreign urban development. People’s Tribune, 4, pp. 14-16.

Yang, D. F., et al. (2008) Drives of Urban Spatial Growth in Metropolitan Regions of China: Economic Development, Population Growth and Transportation Network, China Population, Resources and Environment, 5, pp. 74-78.

Yang, Q. J. & Zhang, N. (2013) Is the local leadership promotion competition is scale, championship or qualifier?, The Journal of World Economy, 12, pp. 130-156.

Yeh, A. G., Yang, F. F. & Wang, J. (2015) Economic transition and urban transformation of China: The interplay of the state and the market, Urban Studies, 52(15), pp. 2822-2848.

Yeh, A. & Xu, J. & Yi, H. (2006) The fourth wave of urbanization in China, City Planning Review, S1, pp. 13-18.

Yin, C. B. & Ye, Y. M. (2013) The main characteristics of the floating population in China and its influence on China's urbanisation, Urban Problems, 3, pp. 2-8.

Yin, J.B. & Li, X. (2012) Retrospect and prospect of the migration and urbanisation in China, Urban Problems, 12, pp. 23-29.

Yu, J. W. (2015) Political Cycle and Land Leasing: Evidence from Chinese Cities, Economic Research Journal, 2, pp. 88-102.

Yu, X. Q. (2010) "Head" corruption: the causes and prevention and control, Journal of the Provincial Level Party School of CPC Sichuan Province Committee, 3, pp. 43-47.

Yuan, F.H. & Zhang, P. (2016) The theoretical analysis of quadratic transformation China's economy, Studies on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, 2, pp. 33-39.

Zelai, X. & Nong, Z. (2009) City Size Distribution in China: Are Large Cities Dominant? Urban Studies, 46(10), pp. 2159-2185.

Zhao, Y. J. (2001) The Institutional Change, Small Town Development and Urbanisation in China, City Planning Review, 8, pp. 47-57.

Zhou, J. X. (2014) The Logic of Sub-provincial Cities Development: Official Configuration and Growth Driving, China Industrial Economics, 10, pp. 20-32.

Zhou, W. X. & Luo, Q. H. (2015) The main propulsion factor and measure in the process of the urbanisation in the new period, Statistics & Decision, 5, pp. 127-130.

Zhou, Y. X. (1995) Urban geography (Beijing: Commercial Press).

Zou, X. J. (2011) Analysis of Population Movement and Distribution Based on Sixth Census, Population & Economics, 6, pp. 23-33.

Published
2018-01-02
Section
Articles