Measuring Local Government Transparency. Influence of Political Sign in Multidimensional Analysis
During the last years, Transparency has become in a key element in the interaction between public administrations and society. However, this is a broad concept, which needs to be defined and measured carefully. Various authors have addressed this concept, from the perspective of different areas, through the creation of dichotomous indexes of transparency, but not measuring the quality of the information. In the present study, we propose a new method to measure the quality and content of municipal information disclosure, avoiding the creation of a synthetic index, highlighting the elements of transparency that provide optimal information, in quality and quantity. After that, we identify differences between local governments with different political ideologies, using multidimensional scaling analysis. The results obtained show that conservative governments grant more importance to transparency indicators, especially regarding legal and institutional information, than progressive ones.
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