Does Decentralized Governance Lead to Less Scientific Output? A Fuzzy Set Analysis of Fiscal Decentralization and Determinants of National Innovation Capacity

  • Blaž Zupan University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics
  • Aleš Pustovrh University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics
  • Stanka Setnikar Cankar University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration
Keywords: national innovation systems, QCA, innovation policy, fiscal decentralization


his paper argues that national innovation infrastructure is closely linked with the scientific output and that some other factors, such as decentralized governance, can in certain combinations with innovation infrastructure lead to a higher scientific output. It demonstrates this by using a set-theoretic fsQCA method to analyze the data on national innovation capacities, fiscal decentralization, and science policy output. Results confirm that while a national innovation infrastructure is a necessary condition for successful scientific output, decentralization in certain, but not all cases leads to successful scientific output and that the paths to a successful scientific output in different countries are diverse.

Author Biographies

Blaž Zupan, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics


Aleš Pustovrh, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics


Stanka Setnikar Cankar, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration



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