Public Spending Policies and Budgetary Balances: Evidence from Spanish Municipalities
Unlike the frequent research that analyzes the effects of various demographic, economic and political factors on fiscal deficits of governments, this research focuses on studying whether certain structures of public spending policies are associated with situations of fiscal imbalances. Using a panel data model with endogenous variables and taking into account various socio-economic factors as instruments, we have observed that the spending policies of Basic public services, Social protection and social promotion, Preferential services, and Promotion of economic activity have different significant effects on the position of the budgetary balance in the Spanish municipal governments.
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