The Right of the Minorities to Participate in the Public Life on Local Level: The Case of Republic of Macedonia in the Framework of the EU Policy of ‘Regional Approach’
The paper aims to contribute to the clarification of several aspects of the minorities’ right to participate in public life on local level. It considers the following elements: analysis of the Macedonian legal and constitutional framework; analysis of relevant provision of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and the European Union’s treatment of the issue in the framework of its foreign policy of ‘Regional Approach’ (1996-1999). The analysis relies on two comparisons. Firstly, it contrasts the content of the EU conditionality in the field of minority rights developed during the 1990’s in the framework of the eastern enlargement with the content of conditionality in the same field developed in the framework of the ‘Regional Approach’. Secondly, the study encompasses a brief comparison with the later development of the relevant standards within the framework of the subsequently developed EU enlargement policy of Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP). Considering that the EU relies on the standards developed in the system of Council of Europe in the field of minority rights, the analysis in particular attempts to contribute to the understanding of the dynamics of this ‘’borrowing’’, during which the Council and the Commission rely on certain aspects of the body of rules of the Council of Europe, while omitting others.
Ahmed, T. (2010) The Impact of EU Law on Minority Rights (Oxford: Heart Publishing).
Bethlehem, D. & Weller, M. (eds.) (1997) The ‘Yugoslav’ Crisis in International Law: General Issues (Cambridge : Cambridge International Documents Series).
Hillion, C. (ed.) (2004) EU Enlargement: A Legal Approach, (Oxford, Portland Oregon: Hart Publishing).
Council of Europe: Advisory Committee on the FCPNM (2008) Commentary on the effective participation of persons belonging to national minorities in cultural, social and economic life and the public affairs (ACFC/31DOC(2008)001).
Courbage, Y (2003) Censuses, Elections and Population: the Case of Macedonia, Population-E, 58(4-5), pp.429-450.
Kochenov, D. (2007) Commission’s Approach to Minority protection during the Preparation of the EU’s Eastern Enlargement: Is 2 Better than the Promised 1?, EDAP 2.
Kochenov, D. (2008a) A Summery of Contradictions: An Outline of the EU’s Main Internal and External Approaches to Ethnic Minority Protection, 31(1), Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, pp. 1-50.
Kochenov, D. (2008b) EU Enlargement and the Failure of Conditionality (Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International).
Pippan, C. (2004) The Rocky Road to Europe: The EU’s Stabilisation and Association Process for the Western Balkans and the Principle of Conditionality, European Foreign Affairs Review 9(2), pp. 219-245.
Sasse, G. (2005) EU Conditionality and Minority Rights: Translating the Copenhagen Criterion into Policy EUI Working Papers RSCAS No 16 (San Domenico di Fiesole: EUI).
Sasse, G. (2008) The Politics of EU Conditionality: the Norm of Minority Protection during and beyond EU accession, Journal of European Public Policy, 15(6) pp. 842-860.
Schneckener U. (2002) Developing and Applying EU Crisis Management Test Case Macedonia, ECMI Working Paper 14 (Flensburg: European Centre for Minority Issues).
Shoraka K. (2010) Human Rights and Minority Rights in the European Union (London, New York: Routledge).
Siljanovska-Davkova, G. (2009) Legal and Institutional Framework of Local Self-Government in the Republic of Macedonia, Lex Localis – Journal of Local Self-Government, 7(2), pp 107-127.
Weller, M. (ed.) (2005) The Rights of Minorities in Europe, European Centre for Minority Issues (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Witte de, B. (2000) Politics versus Law in the EU's Approach to Ethnic Minorities, EUI Working Paper RSC No. 4 (San Domenico di Fiesole: EUI).
It is a condition that the authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors retain many rights under the Institutes' right policies, which can be found at journal.lex-localis.press. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.