Soft Law Instruments and their Use in Slovenian Local Self-Government

  • Martina Repas University of Maribor, Faculty of Law, Mladinska ulica 9, 2000 Maribor
Keywords: municipality, soft law, hard law, EU law, general municipal acts, court, constitution, legally binding effect

Abstract

Article deals with possible use of soft law instruments in the Slovenian local self-government law. Though soft law is typically defined as non-legally binding law, it can have practical and indirect legal effects. Article reveals that soft law instruments could acquire at least indirect legal effect in Slovenian law with courts’ intervention under Article 14 of the Slovenian Constitution according to the principle of equal treatment. Since soft law instruments have an impact on the behaviour of the actors to whom they are addressed and since they should be followed by the adopting authority, it seems that the legal basis for their adoption should exist. Therefore, article explores and analyses the existence of the legal basis for adoption of such type of instrument in Slovenian local-self-government law as well.

Author Biography

Martina Repas, University of Maribor, Faculty of Law, Mladinska ulica 9, 2000 Maribor
Associate Professor

References

Abbott, K. W. & Snidal, D. (2000) Hard and Soft Law in International Governance, International Organisation, 54(3), pp. 421–456, doi: 10.1162/002081800551280.
Abbott, K. W., Keohane, R. O., Moravcsik, A., Slaughter, A.–M. & Snidal, D. (2000) The Concept of Legalisation, International Organisation, 54(3), pp. 401–419, doi: 10.1162/002081800551271.
Brezovnik, B., Grafenauer, B., Oplotnik, Ž. J. & Železnik, M. (2014) Statutarna ureditev občine (z osnutkoma statuta občine in poslovnika občinskega sveta) (Maribor: Inštitut za lokalno samoupravo in javna naročila Maribor).
Bugarič, B. & Pirnat, R. (eds) (2004) Komentar zakonov s področja uprave (Ljubljana: Inštitut za javno upravo).
Chalmers, D., Davies, G. & Monti, G. (2014) European Union Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Cini, M. (2000) From Soft Law to Hard Law? Discretion and Rule-making in the Commission's State Aid Regime, European University Institute Working Paper RSC2000/35 (San Domenico: European University Institute).
d’Aspremont, J. (2008) Softness in International Law: A Self-Serving Quest for New Legal Materials, European Journal of International Law, 19(5), pp. 1075–1093, doi: 10.1093/ejil/chn057.
Directorate General Internal Policies of the Union (2007) Better Regulation and the Improvement of EU Regulatory Environment (Institutional and Legal Implications of the Use of »Soft Law« Instruments) (Brussels: European Parliament), available at: http://edz.bib.uni-mannheim.de/daten/edz-ma/ep/07/pe378.290-en.pdf (January 1, 2015).
Directorate –General for Internal Policies (2012) Checks and Balances of Soft EU Rule-Making, Study (Brussels: European Parliament), available at: http://www.uu.nl/SiteCollectionDocuments/REBO/REBO_RGL/REBO_RGL_EUROPA/Rapport%20EP%20Soft%20Law%20Rule%20making.pdf (January 1, 2015).
Ferčič, A. & Samec, N. (2014) European Union State Aid Law and Policy, and Local Public Services, Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government, 12(2), pp. 267-287, doi: 10.4335/12.2.267-287(2014).
Galič, A. (2004) Ustavno civilno procesno pravo (Ljubljana: GV Založba).
Hartley, T. C. (2003) The Foundations of European Community Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Ivanc, T. & Vrenčur, R. (2014) Mechanisms of Financing Investment in Immovable Cultural Heritage, Lex localis – Journal of Local Self-Government, 12(1), pp. 1–30, doi: 10.4335/12.1.1-30(2014).
Keresteš, T. & Repas, M. (2013) The Use of Analogy in the Administrative Law, Lex localis – Journal of Local Self-Government, 11(3), pp. 565–581, doi: 10.4335/11.3.565-581(2013).
Klabbers, J. (1996) The Redundancy of Soft Law, Nordic Journal of International Law, 65(2), pp. 167–182, doi: 10.1163/15718109620294889
Krausser, H. P. (1991) Das Prinzip begrenzter Ermächtigung im Gemeinschaftsprech als Strukturprinzip des EWG-Vertrages (Berlin: Duncker und Hamblot).
Pavčnik, M. (2000) Pravni in ustavni temelji prava (Glose k nekaterim ustavnosodnim argumentom), In: Pavčnik, M. & Mavčič, A. (eds) Ustavno sodstvo (Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba), pp. 391–431.
Pavčnik, M. (2007) Teorija prava: Prispevek k razumevanju prava (Ljubljana: GV Založba).
Pitamic, L. (1996) Država (Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba).
Schaffer, G. C. & Pollack M. A. (2010) Hard vs. Soft Law: Alternatives, Complements, and Antagonists in International Governance, Minnesota Law Review, 94, pp. 706–799.
Senden, L (2004) Soft Law in European Community Law (Oxford and Portland Oregon: Hart Publishing).
Senden, L. A. J. (2005a) Soft Law and its Implications for Institutional Balance in the EC, Utrecht Law Review, 1(2), pp. 79–99.
Senden, L. (2005b) Soft Law, Self-Regulation and Co-Regulation in European Law: Where do they meet?, Electronic Journal of Comparative Law, 9(1), 1–26, available at: http://www.ejcl.org/91/art91-3.html (January 5, 2015).
Snyder, F. (1993) The Effectiveness of European Community Law: Institutions, Processes, Tools and Techniques, Modern Law Review, 56(1), pp. 19–56, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2230.1993.tb02852.x
Stefan, O. (2008) European Competition Soft Law in European Courts: A Matter of Hard Principles?, European Law Journal, 14(6), pp. 753–772, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0386.2008.00443.x.
Terpan, F. (2015) Soft Law in the European Union - The Changing Nature of EU Law, European Law Journal, 21(1), pp. 68 – 96, doi: 0.1111/eulj.12090.
Trubek, D. M., Cottrell, P. & Nance, M. (2005) “Soft Law,” “Hard Law,” and European Integration: Toward a Theory of Hybridity, available at: https://media.law.wisc.edu/s/c_8/zy5nj/hybriditypaperapril2005.pdf (January 7, 2015).
Vlaj, S. (1998) Lokalna samouprava (Ljubljana: Fakulteta za družbene vede).

Published
2015-07-31
Section
Conference Paper