Considerations on the Effectiveness of Cross-Border Cooperation in Public Order and Civil Protection Services. The Case of the Romanian – Hungarian Border Area
Cross-border cooperation is an important mean to facilitate good neighborhood relations between communities divided by political frontiers. The institutional cross-border cooperation in the field of public services creates various opportunities and advantages for local communities on both sides of the border, helps to protect the safety of people and properties, and acts as an innovative model in providing high quality public services. Within this context, our paper presents, starting from a theoretical approach, the results of a survey-based research conducted among representatives and experts involved in public order and civil protection institutions, across the Hungarian-Romanian border. The paper focuses on revealing aspects such as objectives and results, effects and limits, reciprocity and long-run sustainability of the cross-border cooperation actions. The paper also draws conclusions and provides further recommendations.
Association of European Border Regions; European Commission (2000) Practical Guide to Cross-border Cooperation (Gronau, Germany: Association of European Border Regions -AEBR).
Badulescu, A., Badulescu, D. & Borma, A. (2014) Enhancing Cross-border Cooperation through Local Actors’ Involvement. The case of Tourism Cooperation in Bihor (Romania) – Hajdú-Bihar (Hungary) Euroregion, Lex Localis - Journal of Local Self-government, 12(3), pp. 349-371, doi 10.4335/12.3.349-371.
Badulescu, A., Bucur, C-A. & Badulescu, D. (2013a) Fostering Euroregional Cooperation in Public Services. Evidence From Bihor – Hajdu-Bihar Euroregion, European Journal of Science and Theology, 9(Supplement 2), pp. 127-136.
Badulescu, A., Badulescu, D. & Bucur, C-A. (2013b) Assessing the Effectiveness of Cross-Border Cooperation in Joint Provision of Public Services, In: Castelnovo, W. & Ferrari, E. (eds) Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on eGovernment ECEG 2013 (Como: ECEG), pp. 36-44.
Bihor County Council (2011) Euroregiune/Euroregion (Oradea: Consiliul Județean Bihor/ Bihor County Council), available at: http://www.cjbihor.ro/index.php?act=euroregiune (December 10, 2014).
Bihor County Statistical Direction (2013) Population/Populatia (Bucharest: National Institute of Statistics), available at: http://www.bihor.insse.ro/main.php?id=385 (October 27, 2013).
Blatter, J. (2004) From Spaces of Place to Spaces of Flows, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(3), pp.530-548, doi: 10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00534.x.
Christiansen, T. & Jørgensen, K. (2000) Transnational Governance ‘above’ and ‘below’ the State: The Changing Nature of Borders in the New Europe, Regional & Federal Studies, 10(2), pp. 62-77, doi:10.1080/13597560008421120.
Council of Europe (1980) European Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation between Territorial Communities or Authorities, Madrid (Madrid: Council of Europe), available at: http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Treaties/Html/106.htm (December 17, 2014).
Council of Europe (2006) Practical Guide to Transfrontier Cooperation (Strasbourg: CoE).
Cruz Naranjo, A.-M., Steinberg, L. & Vetere Arellano, A. (2006) Emerging Issues for Natech Disaster Risk Management in Europe, Journal of Risk Research, 9(5), pp. 483-501, doi: 10.1080/13669870600717657.
Cruz, A. M., Steinberg, L. J., Vetere Arellano, A. L., Nordvik, J.-P. & Pisano, F. (2004) State of the Art in Natech Risk Management (European Commission, Directorate-General, Joint Research Centre).
Danube - Kris - Mures - Tisa Euroregion (2014) DKMT. Presentation, available at: http://www.dkmt.net/en/index.php?bov=61361200392410 (December 7, 2014).
Debrecen Office of Statistics (2002) National and Ethnic Minorities, Hajdu-Bihar County/Nemzeti, etnikai kisebbsegek Hajdú-Bihar megyeben (Debrecen: Köspönti Státisztikái Hivátal).
Deica, P. (2006) Frontierele statale ale Romaniei - Cadru pentru Euroregiuni/ State Borders of Romania - A frame for Euroregions, Geopolitica. Regiunile de cooperare transfrontalieră, surse de conflict sau stabilitate?/ CBC Regions, Sources of Conflict or Stability? IV(20) (Bucharest: Top Form), pp. 13-18.
European Commission Representation in Romania (2013) Ungaria şi România – Program operaţional 2007-2013/ Hungary-Romania - Operational Program 2007-2013 available at: http://ec.europa.eu/romania/news/cooperare_romania-ungaria_ro.htm (December 23, 2014).
European Parliament (2006) Regulation (EC) No 1638/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 2006 laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, Official Journal L 310, Title II, Article 6.
Gasparini, A., & Del Bianco, D. (2011) Strategies and Euroregions for Cross-Border Co-Operation in Balkan and Danube European Countries. An analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (Gorizia: Institute of International, Sociology of Gorizia).
Gounev, P., Bezlov, T., Faion, M. & Hristov, D. (2011) Better Management of EU Borders Through Cooperation (Sofia, Bulgaria: Center for the Study of Democracy).
Hardy, T. (2006) Euroregions in Hungary, Geopolitica. Regiunile de cooperare transfrontalieră, surse de conflict sau stabilitate?/ CBC Regions, Sources of Conflict or Stability? IV(20) (Bucharest: Top Form) , pp. 71-84.
Hellenberg, T. & Hedin, S. (2014) Cross-Border Risks in the Baltic Sea Region. Lessons to Be Learned (Helsinki: Aleksanteri Institute), available at: http://www.helsinki.fi/aleksanteri/civpro/thdata/C_B_risks.pdf (January 11, 2015).
Hungarian Central Statistical Office. (2013) Times Series of Annual, Regional Statistics - Economic Branches (Budapest: Hungarian Central Statistical Office), available at: http://www.ksh.hu/stadat_annual_6_4 (december 17, 2014).
HU-RO CBC Programme 2007-2013 (2012) Financed Projects (Oradea: BRECO).
Lepik, K. L. (2009) Euroregions as Mechanisms for Strengthening Cross-border Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region, TRAMES, 13(63/58), pp. 265-284, doi: 10.3176/tr.2009.3.05.
Knippenberg, H. & Markusse, J. (1999) 19th and 20th Century Borders and Border Regions in Europe: Some reflections, In: Knippenberg, H. & Markusse, J. (eds.), Nationalising and denationalising European border regions, 1800–2000: views from geography and history (Dordrecht: Kluwer), pp. 1-19
Krausmann, E. & Baranzini, D. (2012) Natech Risk Reduction in the European Union, Journal of Risk Research, 15(8), pp. 1027-1047, doi: 10.1080/13669877.2012.666761.
Landesinstitut für Gesundheit und Arbeit Nordrhein-Westfalen (2007) Evaluation of Border Region in the European Union (EUREGIO) (Düsseldorf: LIGA.NRW).
Lavenex, S. & Schimmelfennig, F. (2009) EU Rules beyond EU Borders: Theorizing External Governance in European Politics, Journal of European Public Policy, 16(6), pp. 791–812, doi: 10.1080/13501760903087696.
Medeiros, E. (2010) (Re)defining the Euroregion Concept, European Planning Studies, 19(1), pp. 141-158, doi: 10.1080/09654313.2011.531920.
Mileti, D. (1999) Disasters by Design: A Reassessment of Natural Hazards in the United States (Washington D.C.: Joseph Henry Press).
Nijkamp, P. & Batten, D. (1990) Barriers to Communication and Spatial Interaction, The Annals of Regional Science, 24(4), doi: 10.1007/BF01580471.
Otocan, O. (2010) Euroregion as a Mechanism for Strengthening Transfrontier and Interregional Co-operation: Opportunities and Challenges (Strasbourg: Venice Commission).
Perkmann, M. (2007) The Rise of the Euroregion. A Bird's Eye Perspective on European Cross-border Co-operation (Lancaster UK: Department of Sociology, Lancaster University), available at: http://www.comp.lancs.ac.uk/sociology/papers/Perkmann-Rise-of-Euroregion.pdf (November 22, 2013).
Popescu, G. (2008) The Conflicting Logics of Cross-border Reterritorialization: Geopolitics of Euroregions in Eastern Europe, Political Geography, 27(4), pp. 418-438, doi: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2008.03.002.
Regional Office for Cross-border Cooperation for Romanian-Hungarian Border – BRECO (2013) Programme. Overview, Hungary-Romania Cross-Border Co-operation Programme 2007-2013 (Oradea: BRECO), available at: http://www.huro-cbc.eu/en/overview/ (Novemer 22, 2013).
Simileanu, V. (2006) Regiunile de cooperare transfrontalieră, In: Simileanu, V. E. (ed.) Geopolitica. Regiunile de cooperare transfrontalieră, surse de conflict sau de stabilitate?/ CBC Regions, Sources of Conflict or Stability? IV(20) (Bucharest: Top Form), pp. 5-12.
VÁTI Hungarian Public Nonprofit Company for Regional Development and Town Planning (2014) Without borders. Developments completed within the Hungary-Romania and Hungary-Serbia and Montenegro Cross-border Cooperation Programme 2004-2006 (Budapest: VATI), available at: http://www.vati.hu/files (January 7, 2015).
Vojinović, B., Mikac, M. & Oplotnik, Ž. (2013) The Microeconomics of Regional Development: Measuring convergences of Local and Regional Business Cycles, Lex localis - Journal of Local Self-Government, 11(3), pp. 777-797, doi: 10.4335/11.3.777-797.
It is a condition that the authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors retain many rights under the Institutes' right policies, which can be found at journal.lex-localis.press. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.