The Impact of Social and Economic Factors on the Academic Performance of Youth in Slovenia

  • Stanka Setnikar Cankar University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration, Gosarjeva 5, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Franc Cankar National Education Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, Poljanska 28, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Tomi Deutsch National Education Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, Trg revolucije 7, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Veronika Petkovšek University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration, Gosarjeva 5, 1000 Ljubljana
Keywords: municipalities, socio-economic indicators, primary school, academic achievements


In this research, we assessed the impact of the socio-economic status (average net wages, the registered unemployment rate), education structure and demographic risk (the age dependency ratio) of residents of different Slovenian municipalities on scores on the nationwide, external assessment of knowledge given to pupils in grade 9 of primary school. The analysis was conducted using data for 201 Slovenian municipalities where the National Assessment of Knowledge (NAK) was given to 9th-grade primary school pupils in the years 2012, 2013 and 2014. This test assesses learners’ knowledge of the Slovene language and mathematics. The data were used to calculate basic descriptive statistics, as well as coefficients, correlations and validated regression models. The findings show that registered unemployment rate, average educational attainment and the age dependency ratio influence achievements in mathematics. The findings for the Slovene portion of the National Assessment of Knowledge are not as expressive, but do indicate that the registered unemployment rate and age dependency ratio have an impact.

Author Biographies

Stanka Setnikar Cankar, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration, Gosarjeva 5, 1000 Ljubljana
Franc Cankar, National Education Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, Poljanska 28, 1000 Ljubljana
Head of Department for Quality and Research
Tomi Deutsch, National Education Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, Trg revolucije 7, 1000 Ljubljana
Senior Adviser
Veronika Petkovšek, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Administration, Gosarjeva 5, 1000 Ljubljana
Senior Lecturer


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