Challenges of the Implementation of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in Czech Legislation

  • Michal Radvan Masaryk University, Faculty of Law
  • Petr Mrkývka Masaryk University, Faculty of Law
  • Johan Schweigl Masaryk University, Faculty of Law
Keywords: European charter of Local Self-Government, decentralisation, autonomy, local government, subsidiarity, Czech Republic

Abstract

In their recent rigorous analysis of the European Charter of Local Self-Government (Radvan, Mrkývka, Schweigl 2018), the authors elaborated the manner in which the Charter has been implemented into the Czech legal order. In this paper, the authors extended the previous analysis by focusing on the challenges connected with the incorporation of the Charta´s principles into the Czech legal order. They outlined the areas, in which the incorporation seems to be properly done, and pointed to a few areas which might be viewed as problematic, as for incorporating of the Charta´s principles. One of the most significant problems is that the distinction between the state-administration and self-administration was not carried out in a strict manner and this improper distinction may lead to enhanced conflicts of interest. Some problems might also be detected in the area of how a smaller municipality´s citizens may influence the policy of a larger municipality which provides state-administration for the residents of smaller municipalities.

References

Czudek, D., Kranecová, J. (2016) European Charter of Local Self-Government in the Czech Republic, In: Gliniecka, J., Drywa, A., Juchniewicz, E. & Sowiński, T. (eds.) Finansowanie samorządu terytorialnego i jego zadań a Europejska Karta Samorządu Lokalnego / Local Government Financing and European Charter of Local Self-Government (Warszawa: CeDeWu).

Government of the Czech Republic (2004) Důvodová zpráva (Explanatory Report) (Prague: Government of the Czech Republic).

Government of the Czech Republic (2015) Důvodová zpráva (Explanatory Report) (Prague: Government of the Czech Republic).

Janovec, M. (2016) Local Self-Government Financing through Municipal bonds Based on art. 9, sec. 8 of Europe charter of Local Self-Government, In: Gliniecka, J., Drywa, A., Juchniewicz, E. & Sowiński, T. (eds.) Finansowanie samorządu terytorialnego i jego zadań a Europejska Karta Samorządu Lokalnego / Local Government Financing and European Charter of Local Self-Government (Warszawa: CeDeWu).

Kozieł, M. (2016). Financing of Tasks of Local Self-Government Units in the Czech Republic, In: Gliniecka, J., Drywa, A., Juchniewicz, E. & Sowiński, T. (eds.) Finansowanie samorządu terytorialnego i jego zadań a Europejska Karta Samorządu Lokalnego / Local Government Financing and European Charter of Local Self-Government (Warszawa: CeDeWu).

Marková, H. (2005) Finanční zdroje místních společenství a Evropská charta místní samosprávy v podmínkách ČR (Financial resources of local communities and the European Charter of Local Self-Government in terms of the Czech Republic), In: Radvan, M. & Mrkývka, P. (eds.) Financování územní samosprávy ve sjednocující se Evropě – Sborník 1. Mezinárodního právnického symposia (CD-ROM) (Financing of local self-government in unifying Europe – Proceedings from 1st International legal symposium (CD-ROM)) (Brno: Masaryk university).

Mrkývka, P. (1998) Některé úvahy o materiálním základu veřejné správy (Some Reflections on the Material Base of Public Administration), Časopis pro právní vědu a praxi, 2, pp. 153-157.

Pařízková, I. (1998) Finance územních samosprávných celků (Local Self-Government Units Finance) (Brno: Masaryk university).

Pařízková, I. (2005) Finanční právo: finance územní samosprávy (Financial Law: Local Self-Government Finance) (Brno: Masaryk university).

Peková, J. (2004) Hospodaření a finance územní samosprávy (Management and Local Self-Government Finance) (Prague: Management Press).

Průcha, P. (2011) Místní správa (Local Government) (Brno: Masaryk University).

Radvan, M. (2016) Article 9 of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in the Czech Republic, In: Gliniecka, J., Drywa, A., Juchniewicz, E. & Sowiński, T. (eds.) Finansowanie samorządu terytorialnego i jego zadań a Europejska Karta Samorządu Lokalnego / Local Government Financing and European Charter of Local Self-Government (Warszawa: CeDeWu).

Radvan, M. (2017) Municipalities and Gambling Taxation in the Czech Republic, Lex Localis - Journal of Local Self-Government, 15(3), pp. 529-540, https://doi.org/10.4335/15.3.529-540(2017).

Radvan, M., Mrkývka, P. & Schweigl, J. (2018) Local Self-Government in the Czech Republic in print (Maribor: Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor).

Rychetský, P., Langášek, T., Herc, T. & Mlsna, P. (2015) Ústava České republiky. Zákon o bezpečnosti České republiky. Komentář (Constitution of the Czech Republic. Safety Act of the Czech Republic. Comment) (Prague: Wolters Kluwer).

Široký, J. (2008) Daňová teorie s praktickou aplikací (Tax theory with practical application) (Prague: C. H. Beck).

Valachová, M. & Liška, M. (2016) Financing Local Self-Government, In: Gliniecka, J., Drywa, A., Juchniewicz, E. & Sowiński, T. (eds.) Finansowanie samorządu terytorialnego i jego zadań a Europejska Karta Samorządu Lokalnego / Local Government Financing and European Charter of Local Self-Government (Warszawa, CeDeWu).

Published
2018-10-23
Section
Thematic Articles