Challenges of the Implementation of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in Romania’s Legislation

  • Tudor Cristian Ticlau Babes Bolyai University, School of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences
  • Bogdan Andrei Moldovan Babes Bolyai University, School of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences
  • Cristina Maria Hintea Babeș-Bolyai University, School of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences
Keywords: European Charter of Local Self-Government, decentralisation, autonomy, local government, subsidiarity, Romania

Abstract

The European Charter on Local Self-government is a defining document for local governments across the EU and was a guideline for developing a framework of local governance based on local autonomy, decentralization that is close to the citizens. It was especially important for Central and East European Countries as they faced the challenges of a total overhaul of their administrative systems after the fall of the communist regimes. Romania fits into this picture as a late comer to the European family, with an administrative system that transitioned slowly from a hyper centralized arrangement to one that offers significant power to local governments. After 20 years since the ratification of the Charter, local government in Romania displays mixed elements, between progressive (protection of local authorities) and conservative (consultation of authorities, financial autonomy) in relation to the charter recommendations. The current article is an analysis on the state of affairs concerning local governance in Romania using the Charter as the main theoretical framework.

References

ANFP, (2017) Raport privind managementul funcţiilor publice şi al funcţionarilor publici pentru anul 2016, available at: http://www.anfp.gov.ro/R/Doc/2017/Raport%20activitate%202016/RaportManagementFunctiePublica2016.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Balázs, I. & Hoffman, I. (2017) Can (Re)Centralization Be A Modern Governance in Rural Areas?, Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 50 E, pp. 5-20.

Benedek, J. & Bajtalan, H. (2015) Recent regionalization discourses and projects in Romania with special focus on the Székelyland, Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 44 E, pp. 23-41.

Bryane, M., (2008) Issues in Anti-Corruption Law: How Can Code of Conduct Laws Be Drafted in Order to Reduce Corruption in a Public Sector like Romania’s?, European Law Journal, 18(2), pp. 289-322.

Canepa, A., Dragoș, D., Ranta, A. E. & Velișcu, R. (2011) Drept administrativ comparat şi instituţii ale uniunii europene (Cluj-Napoca: Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai), available at: https://www.apubb.ro/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Drept_administrativ_comparat_si_institutii_ale_UE.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Constitution of Romania, 2003, available at: http://www.cdep.ro/pls/dic/site.page?id=371 (March 20, 2018).

Curt, C.C. (2018) Considerations on Public Integrity Standards for Romanian MPs, Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 53 E, pp. 22-37.

ECLSG (1985) European Charter on Local Self Governance, available at: https://rm.coe.int/168007a088 (March 20, 2018).

EFOR (2016) Clientelism politic 2012-2016, Policy Brief no. 45, available at: https://expertforum.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/PB-45-Clientelism-2012-2016.pdf (March 20, 2018).

EFOR, (2018) Raportul anual EFOR 2018: Guvernarea de tip bazar, available at: https://expertforum.ro/raportul-anual-2018/ (March 20, 2018).

European Commission (2017b) Country Report Romania. European Semester: Assessment of progress on structural reforms, prevention and correction of macroeconomic imbalances, and results of in-depth reviews under Regulation (EU) No 1176/2011, available online at: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/2017-european-semester-country-report-romania-en.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Frecon, J. C. (2011) Local and regional democracy in Romania, Monitoring Committee, available at: https://rm.coe.int/168071a8b6 (March 20, 2018).

Government Ordinance 45/2003, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gq3tcojw/ordonanta-de-urgenta-nr-45-2003-privind-finantele-publice-locale (March 20, 2018).

Institutul pentru Politici Publice (IPP) (2001) Bugetele locale intre teorie si practica, Bucuresti, available at: http://www.apd.ro/files/publicatii/Bugetele%20locale%20-%20Studiu%20IPP.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Institutul pentru Politici Publice (IPP) (2010) Bugetele autoritatilor locale din România la cote de avarie, available at: www.oot.ro/cdownloads/files/file_10b9d2c0a9dd3e.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Ladner, A., Keuffer, N. & Baldersheim, H. (2015) Local Autonomy Index for European countries (1990-2014). Release 1.0. (Brussels: European Commission).

Law 189/1998, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/ge4tombv/legea-nr-189-1998-privind-finantele-publice-locale (March 20, 2018).

Law 195/2006, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/ha3dgobs/legea-cadru-a-descentralizarii-nr-195-2006 (March 20, 2018).

Law 215/2001, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gezdenryhe/legea-administratiei-publice-locale-nr-215-2001 (March 20, 2018).

Law 27/1994, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/heydonjv/legea-nr-27-1994-privind-impozitele-si-taxele-locale (March 20, 2018).

Law 273/2006, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/ha3tgnjw/legea-nr-273-2006-privind-finantele-publice-locale (March 20, 2018).

Law 339/2004, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gu3dmmrr/legea-cadru-nr-339-2004-privind-descentralizarea (March 20, 2018).

Law 554/2004, available at: http://legislatie.just.ro/Public/DetaliiDocument/57426 (March 20, 2018).

Law 69/1991, available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gy3denrz/legea-nr-69-1991-privind-administratia-publica-locala (March 20, 2018).

NALAS (2016) Report: Fiscal Decentralization Indicators for South-East Europe, 2006-2014. Network of Associations of Local Authorities of South East Europe (NALAS), available at: https://acor.ro/files/stiri/raport_decentralizare/2016%20Fiscal%20Decentralisation%20Report.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Oprea, F., Bilan, I., (2015), An evaluation of the economic and financial crisis’s impact on local budgetary aggregates: the Romanian case, 7th International Conference on Globalization and Higher Education in Economics and Business Administration, GEBA 2013, Procedia Economics and Finance, 20, pp. 467-477.

PNDL 1 – Programul National de Dezvoltare Locala, available at: http://www.mdrap.ro/lucrari-publice/pndl (March 20, 2018).

Szabo, S. R. (2017) The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneity on Decentralization Perceptions in Romania. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 52E, pp. 110-127.

UN (2003) Romania. Public administration profile, Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) (Washington DC: UN), available at: http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan023222.pdf (March 20, 2018).

Published
2018-10-23
Section
Thematic Articles